Wars of Our Fathers2

Wars of Our Fathers2 - Professor R Phillips MC 112 09 February 2008 Wars of Our Fathers Comparing and Contrasting Two Controversial and Deadly

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Professor R. Phillips MC 112 09 February 2008 Wars of Our Fathers: Comparing and Contrasting Two Controversial and Deadly Conflicts The Vietnam War, ranging between the years of 1964 and 1975, was fought on the ground largely in South Vietnam as well as parts of bordering Laos and Cambodia. There were also air raids which were targeted on North Vietnam. Seen as a direct successor of the French Indochina War, where the French fought to keep its territory in Indochina against Ho Chi Minh of the communist party, the major issue at hand was the spread of communism from North to South Vietnam. A coalition of forces comprised one side of the war. These forces include the United States, the Republic of Vietnam, Australia, New Zealand and South Korea. Opposing them were the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and the National Liberation Front. The former is North Vietnam, the latter a communist-led South Vietnamese group of guerrillas. Not completely absent from the conflict, the USSR provided aid to the DRV and the NLF. The United States first gets involved in late 1961 when President John F. Kennedy orders more aid to be sent to South Vietnam to fight off the Vietcong. Three years later Congress gave President Lyndon Johnson the power to take any action he deems necessary to defend Southeast Asia through the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (Vietnam-War.)
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The average age of enlisted servicemen, many drafted, in Vietnam was 26 years old, mostly being born in the middle to late 1940s. These young men were products of the post-World War II baby boom due to the sudden removal of economic and social pressures that kept people from starting families that were present during the 20 years preceding the baby boom. World War II was a very different war in the eyes of the United States. Beginning in 1939 and not ending until 1945, this war was started by Nazi Germany’s invasion of Poland led by Adolph Hitler. The war was fought between the Allied and the Axis powers. Allied members were Australia, Brazil, Canada, Newfoundland, New Zealand, South Africa, the Soviet Union from June 1941, the United Kingdom, and the United States from December 1941. The United States did not enter the war until December 8 th , 1941, the day after the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. By the surrender of the last Axis nation, Japan, on September 2 nd , 1945, the war had produced over 50 million deaths, higher than any other war to date (World War II.) There were many differences between the Vietnam War and World War II, perhaps one of the greatest differences is what the people of the United States thought about each war. In World War II the citizens of the United States generally viewed us as the good guys. The unwarranted attack on Pearl Harbor also justified Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s call for war in his “Day of Infamy” speech on the same day that the United States declared war on Japan. The same was not thought, however, about the efforts in Vietnam. Until Iraq, Vietnam had been the longest war the United States has ever been
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This note was uploaded on 03/22/2008 for the course MC 112 taught by Professor Phillips during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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Wars of Our Fathers2 - Professor R Phillips MC 112 09 February 2008 Wars of Our Fathers Comparing and Contrasting Two Controversial and Deadly

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