History 12 - Ch. 19 & 20 Q & Notes.docx

History 12 - Ch. 19 & 20 Q & Notes.docx - Chapter...

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Chapter 19 1. Briefly describe three ways in which modern industrial societies were changing in the late 1800s? - Slideshare Images 1-5 In the 1800s to modern Industrial societies there was much change occurring in the USA from lack of labor laws/ regulations, safety and increasingly poor immigrant labors. New York, Chicago and Philidelphia had a total population 6.5 million people compared to the mostly rule America and nearly 1/3 of that population was newly immigrants. Population growth was rapid, one example was by the year 1900 Chicago, IL USA and Berlin, Germany was censes to have roughly the same population count. 2. What sort of ethnic and racial groups lived in these cities and how did they interact, if at all? Many immigrant ethnic and racial groups lived in the cities because it provided factory or business jobs. People like a Lutheran family, flocked to the city for the coal industry and was living in the basement of a building. Arabs lived in the cities and children could be seen going through the trash for food. Society gave Arabs the unofficial nickname of Street Arabs because their excessively large shirts that moved in the wind like the 'desert days'. 3. Who were the muckrakers? The term "muckrakers" during the 1900's was used to describe those who fought to expose the hidden agenda of the government with Industrial businesses and placing peoples labor, health and safety at risk for their capital gain. After President Theodore Roosevelt used the term "muckraker" in his 1906 speech, a term prior used in he 17th century for a preacher who questioned rather than accept the higher achy of the divine heavens. The muckrakers who were seen as rebellious, rebel, in modern day are seen as part of the progressive movement. Their questioning and new ideas paved the way to modern social rights for a better society and urban middle class. 4. What were the urban machines? The urban machines were an unofficial political party that rallied behind the labors/ working class and urban middle class to win over their votes for political gain by means of bribes and material items. The political machines were the underhand puppeteers for the politicians who gained their power mostly by drawing in the poor and doing favors. George Plunkitt was known for personal gain by means of "honest graft" manipulating those around him at every political level for advancement.
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5. What were the problems with public health in these cities? The problem with public health in the cities through the late 1800’s and early 1900’s was urbanization and industrialization. The amount of concentrated people, the lack of waste management and city services for order caused unhealth living and working conditions. Infectious diseases were easily passes given the small range of travel. Lack of knowledge and resources for industrial injury and exposer allowed some to catch infectious diseases faster.
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