EASC midterm study guide

EASC midterm study guide - Essays 1. "One cannot but be...

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Essays 1. "One cannot but be struck by the great differences among the various countries of East Asia in the speed and nature of their responses to the West in the past century. ... These variations in response must be attributed mainly to the differences in the traditional societies of the countries of East Asia. Only such differences can explain why a basically similar impact could have brought such varied initial results . .. why relatively small Japan, for example, soon became a world power, while China sunk to the status of an international problem." (Reischauer and Fairbank, East Asia: The Great Tradition , p. 670) "What was it that enabled Japan to take a course so radically different from that of all the other countries in the now underdeveloped world? The answer to this question . .. comes down to the fact that Japan is the only country in Asia (and in Africa and Latin America) that escaped being turned into a colony or dependency of Western European or American capitalism, that had a chance of independent national development." (Baran , The Political Economy of Growth , p. 158) As the above quotations indicate, there is great disagreement among those who have attempted to explain the differing patterns of modernization that distinguish China and Japan. Compare and contrast at least three of the sources used in this course (different readings, different videos, etc.) regarding this problem. Which approach seems most reasonable to you? Why? Source 1: “The Genius that was China Videos” - Chinese economy was independent and did not want European influence. - Economic growth was not a goal of China. - Jesuits sought to breach isolationist China and open it up to the world. - Clocks were given to Chinese emperors to convince them to open up to the West. - China refused to allow any trade or missionaries into their country. - 1705 clocks and Astronomy from west accepted but not Christianity - Chinese started trading porcelain but only for money not for any other goods. - Soon other countries were making fake Chinese porcelain. - China still only sold while West bought. Opium introduced to China started opium trade China lost lots of money. - Opium war started lasted 3 years British would attack at will and this forced China to open up. - Japan was able to observe China and looked to exploit it much as the west did. - 1853 US ships sailed into Tokyo for a treaty regarding trade. - Japan was fond of new technology especially weapons. - Japan during self strengthening movement sought to adapt itself to western things. - Biggest factories in China were owned by West Contrast between Japanese and Chinese: Japan owned and controlled its railroads unlike in China where they were owned by the west - Japanese realized that they had to change everything to keep up with the West.
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This note was uploaded on 03/22/2008 for the course EASC 150g taught by Professor Rosen during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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EASC midterm study guide - Essays 1. "One cannot but be...

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