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Unformatted text preview: NPNF2-01. Eusebius Pamphilius: Church History, Life of Constantine, Oration in Praise of Constantine by Eusebius Pamphilius About NPNF2-01. Eusebius Pamphilius: Church History, Life of Constantine, Oration in Praise of Constantine by Eusebius Pamphilius Title: URL: Author(s): Publisher: Print Basis: Source: Rights: Status: CCEL Subjects: LC Call no: LC Subjects: NPNF2-01. Eusebius Pamphilius: Church History, Life of Constantine, Oration in Praise of Constantine Eusebius Pamphilius Schaff, Philip (1819-1893) (Editor) McGiffert, Rev. Arthur Cushman, Ph.D. (Translator) Grand Rapids, MI: Christian Classics Ethereal Library New York: Christian Literature Publishing Co., 1890 Logos Inc. Public Domain This volume has been carefully proofread and corrected. There are several footnotes that reference other footnotes; these references are not linked correctly in the electronic text. All; Proofed; Early Church; BR60 Christianity Early Christian Literature. Fathers of the Church, etc. NPNF2-01. Eusebius Pamphilius: Church History, Life of Constantine, Oration in Praise of Constantine Eusebius Pamphilius Table of Contents About This Book. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. ii Title Page.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 1 Preface.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 2 The Church History of Eusebius.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 3 Title Page.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 3 Preface.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 3 Prolegomena.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 5 The Life of Eusebius.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 5 Sources and Literature.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 5 Eusebius' Birth and Training. His Life in Cæsarea until the Outbreak of the Persecution.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 6 The Persecution of Diocletian.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 10 Eusebius' Accession to the Bishopric of Cæsarea.. . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 13 The Outbreak of the Arian Controversy. The Attitude of Eusebius.. . . p. 14 The Council of Nicæa.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 24 Continuance of the Arian Controversy. Eusebius' Relations to the Two Parties.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 25 Eusebius and Marcellus.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 30 The Death of Eusebius.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 31 The Writings of Eusebius.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 31 Eusebius as a Writer.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 31 Catalogue of his Works.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 34 Eusebius' Church History.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 53 Date of its Composition.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 53 The Author's Design.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 54 Eusebius as a Historian. The Merits and Defects of his History.. . . . . p. 54 Editions and Versions.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 60 Literature.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 65 Testimonies of the Ancients in Favor of Eusebius.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 65 Testimonies of the Ancients Against Eusebius.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 79 Book I. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 86 The Plan of the Work.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 86 Summary View of the Pre-existence and Divinity of Our Saviour and Lord Jesus Christ.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 88 iii NPNF2-01. Eusebius Pamphilius: Church History, Life of Constantine, Oration in Praise of Constantine Eusebius Pamphilius The Name Jesus and also the Name Christ were known from the Beginning, and were honored by the Inspired Prophets.. . . . . . . . . . p. 93 The Religion Proclaimed by Him to All Nations Was Neither New Nor Strange.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 96 The Time of his Appearance among Men.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 98 About the Time of Christ, in accordance with Prophecy, the Rulers who had governed the Jewish Nation in Regular Succession from the Days of Antiquity came to an End, and Herod, the First Foreigner, Became K i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 100 The Alleged Discrepancy in the Gospels in regard to the Genealogy of Christ.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 103 The Cruelty of Herod toward the Infants, and the Manner of his D e a t h . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 108 The Times of Pilate.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 111 The High Priests of the Jews under whom Christ taught.. . . . . . . . . . p. 112 Testimonies in Regard to John the Baptist and Christ.. . . . . . . . . . . p. 114 The Disciples of our Saviour.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 116 Narrative concerning the Prince of the Edessenes.. . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 118 Book II. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 122 Introduction.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 122 The Course pursued by the Apostles after the Ascension of Christ.. . . . p. 123 How Tiberius was affected when informed by Pilate concerning Christ.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 127 The Doctrine of Christ soon spread throughout All the World.. . . . . . . p. 130 After the Death of Tiberius, Caius appointed Agrippa King of the Jews, having punished Herod with Perpetual Exile.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 131 Philo's Embassy to Caius in Behalf of the Jews.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 132 The Misfortunes which overwhelmed the Jews after their Presumption against Christ.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 134 Pilate's Suicide.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 135 The Famine which took Place in the Reign of Claudius.. . . . . . . . . . p. 136 The Martyrdom of James the Apostle.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 136 Agrippa, who was also called Herod, having persecuted the Apostles, immediately experienced the Divine Vengeance.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 137 The Impostor Theudas and his Followers.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 140 Helen, the Queen of the Osrhœnians.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 141 Simon Magus.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 142 The Preaching of the Apostle Peter in Rome.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 144 The Gospel according to Mark.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 146 Mark first proclaimed Christianity to the Inhabitants of Egypt.. . . . . . . p. 147 iv NPNF2-01. Eusebius Pamphilius: Church History, Life of Constantine, Oration in Praise of Constantine Eusebius Pamphilius Philo's Account of the Ascetics of Egypt.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 148 The Works of Philo that have come down to us.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 152 The Calamity which befell the Jews in Jerusalem on the Day of the Passover.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 157 The Events which took Place in Jerusalem during the Reign of Nero.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 158 The Egyptian, who is mentioned also in the Acts of the Apostles.. . . . . p. 159 Paul having been sent bound from Judea to Rome, made his Defense, and was acquitted of every Charge.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 160 The Martyrdom of James, who was called the Brother of the Lord.. . . . p. 162 Annianus the First Bishop of the Church of Alexandria after Mark.. . . . . p. 169 The Persecution under Nero in which Paul and Peter were honored at Rome with Martyrdom in Behalf of Religion.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 169 The Jews, afflicted with Innumerable Evils, commenced the Last War Against the Romans.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 173 Book III. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 173 The Parts of the World in which the Apostles preached Christ.. . . . . . p. 173 The First Ruler of the Church of Rome.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 176 The Epistles of the Apostles.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 176 The First Successors of the Apostles.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 184 The Last Siege of the Jews after Christ.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 188 The Famine which oppressed them.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 189 The Predictions of Christ.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 193 The Signs which preceded the War.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 195 Josephus and the Works which he has left.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 196 The Manner in which Josephus mentions the Divine Books.. . . . . . . . p. 198 Symeon rules the Church of Jerusalem after James.. . . . . . . . . . . . p. 203 Vespasian commands the Descendants of David to be sought.. . . . . p. 203 Anencletus, the Second Bishop of Rome.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 204 Abilius, the Second Bishop of Alexandria.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 204 Clement, the Third Bishop of Rome.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 204 The Epistle of Clement.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 205 The Persecution under Domitian.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 205 The Apostle John and the Apocalypse.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 206 Domitian commands the Descendants of David to be slain.. . . . . . . . p. 207 The Relatives of our Saviour.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 207 Cerdon becomes the Third Ruler of the Church of Alexandria.. . . . . . p. 209 Ignatius, the Second Bishop of Antioch.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 209 Narrative Concerning John the Apostle.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 210 The Order of the Gospels.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 215 v NPNF2-01. Eusebius Pamphilius: Church History, Life of Constantine, Oration in Praise of Constantine Eusebius Pamphilius The Divine Scriptures that are accepted and those that are not.. . . . . p. 220 Menander the Sorcerer.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 225 The Heresy of the Ebionites.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 227 Cerinthus the Heresiarch.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 230 Nicolaus and the Sect named after him.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 232 The Apostles that were Married.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 233 The Death of John and Philip.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 233 Symeon, Bishop of Jerusalem, suffers Martyrdom.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 236 Trajan forbids the Christians to be sought after.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 238 Evarestus, the Fourth Bishop of the Church of Rome.. . . . . . . . . . . . p. 240 Justus, the Third Bishop of Jerusalem.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 241 Ignatius and His Epistles.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 241 The Evangelists that were still Eminent at that Time.. . . . . . . . . . . . p. 246 The Epistle of Clement and the Writings falsely ascribed to him.. . . . . p. 247 The Writings of Papias.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 248 Book IV. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 254 The Bishops of Rome and of Alexandria during the Reign of Trajan.. . . p. 254 The Calamities of the Jews during Trajan's Reign.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 255 The Apologists that wrote in Defense of the Faith during the Reign of Adrian.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 256 The Bishops of Rome and of Alexandria under the Same Emperor.. . . . p. 257 The Bishops of Jerusalem from the Age of our Saviour to the Period under Consideration.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 258 The Last Siege of the Jews under Adrian.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 260 The Persons that became at that Time Leaders of Knowledge falsely so-called.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 261 Ecclesiastical Writers.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 266 The Epistle of Adrian, decreeing that we should not be punished without a Trial.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 268 The Bishops of Rome and of Alexandria during the Reign of Antoninus.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 269 The Heresiarchs of that Age.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 269 The Apology of Justin addressed to Antoninus.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 275 The Epistle of Antoninus to the Common Assembly of Asia in Regard to our Doctrine.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 276 The Circumstances related of Polycarp, a Friend of the Apostles.. . . . . p. 277 Under Verus, Polycarp with Others suffered Martyrdom at Smyrna.. . . . p. 280 Justin the Philosopher preaches the Word of Christ in Rome and suffers Martyrdom.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 288 The Martyrs whom Justin mentions in his Own Work.. . . . . . . . . . . . p. 291 vi NPNF2-01. Eusebius Pamphilius: Church History, Life of Constantine, Oration in Praise of Constantine Eusebius Pamphilius The Works of Justin which have come down to us.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 293 The Rulers of the Churches of Rome and Alexandria during the Reign of Verus.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 295 The Rulers of the Church of Antioch.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 296 The Ecclesiastical Writers that flourished in Those Days.. . . . . . . . . p. 296 Hegesippus and the Events which he mentions.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 298 Dionysius, Bishop of Corinth, and the Epistles which he wrote.. . . . . . p. 302 Theophilus Bishop of Antioch.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 304 Philip and Modestus.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 306 Melito and the Circumstances which he records.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 306 Apolinarius, Bishop of the Church of Hierapolis.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 314 Musanus and His Writings.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 316 The Heresy of Tatian.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 317 Bardesanes the Syrian and his Extant Works.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 320 Book V. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 322 Introduction.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 322 The Number of those who fought for Religion in Gaul Under Verus and the Nature of their Conflicts.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 323 The Martyrs, beloved of God, kindly ministered unto those who fell in the Persecution.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 332 The Vision which appeared in a Dream to the Witness Attalus.. . . . . . p. 334 Irenæus commended by the Witnesses in a Letter.. . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 335 God sent Rain from Heaven for Marcus Aurelius Cæsar in Answer to the Prayers of our People.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 335 Catalogue of the Bishops of Rome.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 338 Even down to those Times Miracles were performed by the Faithful.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 339 The Statements of Irenæus in regard to the Divine Scriptures.. . . . . . p. 340 The Bishops under Commodus.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 344 Pantænus the Philosopher.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 344 Clement of Alexandria.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 346 The Bishops in Jerusalem.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 348 Rhodo and his Account of the Dissension of Marcion.. . . . . . . . . . . . p. 349 The False Prophets of the Phrygians.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 353 The Schism of Blastus at Rome.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 354 The Circumstances related of Montanus and his False Prophets.. . . . . p. 354 Miltiades and His Works.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 361 The Manner in which Apollonius refuted the Phrygians, and the Persons whom he Mentions.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 363 Serapion on the Heresy of the Phrygians.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 367 vii NPNF2-01. Eusebius Pamphilius: Church History, Life of Constantine, Oration in Praise of Constantine Eusebius Pamphilius The Writings of Irenæus against the Schismatics at Rome.. . . . . . . . p. 368 How Appolonius suffered Martyrdom at Rome.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 371 The Bishops that were well known at this Time.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 373 The Question then agitated concerning the Passover.. . . . . . . . . . . p. 374 The Disagreement in Asia.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 376 How All came to an Agreement respecting the Passover.. . . . . . . . . p. 380 The Elegant Works of Irenæus which have come down to us.. . . . . . p. 380 The Works of Others that flourished at that Time.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 381 Those who first advanced the Heresy of Artemon; their Manner of Life, and how they dared to corrupt the Sacred Scriptures.. . . . . . . . . . . . p. 383 Book VI. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 389 The Persecution under Severus.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 389 The Training of Origen from Childhood.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 389 While still very Young, he taught diligently the Word of Christ.. . . . . . p. 392 The pupils of Origen that became Martyrs.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 394 Potamiæna.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 395 Clement of Alexandria.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 396 The Writer, Judas.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 397 Origen's Daring Deed.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 398 The Miracles of Narcissus.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 400 The Bishops of Jerusalem.. . . . . . . . . . . ...
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