Ch Notes.docx - Ch 1 Speaking in Public Stage Fright...

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Ch 1 : Speaking in Public Stage Fright- Anxiety over prospect of giving speech in front of audience Adrenaline- hormone released into bloodstream in response to physical, mental stress Positive nervousness- controlled nervousness that helps energize speaker for his/her presentation Visualization- mental imaging in which speaker vividly pictures himself or herself giving successful presentation Critical Thinking- focused, organized thinking about such things as logical relationships among ideas, soundness of evidence, differences between fact and opinion Speaker- person who is presenting oral message to listener Message- whatever speaker communicates to someone else Channel- means by which message is communicated Listener- person who receives speaker’s message Frame of reference- sum of person’s knowledge, experience, goals, values, attitudes. No 2 people can have exact frame of reference Feedback- messages, usually nonverbal, sent from listener to speaker Interference- anything that impedes communication of message. Can be external or internal to listeners Situation- time and place in which communication occurs Ethnocentrism- belief that one’s own group or culture is superior to all other groups or cultures Similarities between public speaking and conversation: 1. Organizing your thoughts logically 2. Tailoring message to audience 3. Telling story for maximum impact 4. Adapting to listener feedback Differences between public speaking and conversation 1. Public speaking more highly structured 2. Public speaking requires more formal language 3. Requires different method of delivery Dealing with nervousness Acquire speaking experience Prepare Think positively o Negative thoughts: I wish I didn’t have to give this speech I’m not great public speaker
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Always nervous when I give speech No one interested in what I have to say o Positive thoughts: Speech is chance for me to share ideas and gain experience as speaker No one’s perfect, but getting better w/each speech Everyone’s nervous. If other people can handle it, I can too Good topic, fully prepared, they’ll be interested Use power of visualization Know that most nervousness is not visible Don’t expect perfection Speech Communication Process: Situation Speaker Channel o Interference (adapt) Message Feedback
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Ch 2: Ethics and Public speaking Ethics- branch of philosophy that deals with issues of right and wrong in human affairs Ethical decision- weighing potential course of action against set of ethical standards or guidelines Name-calling- use of language to defame, demean, degrade individuals or groups Bill of Rights- 1 st 10 amendments of constitution Plagiarism- presenting another person’s language or ideas as one’s own Global plagiarism- stealing speech entirely from single source, passing it off as one’s own Patchwork plagiarism- stealing ideas, language from 2 or 3 sources, passing them off as one’s own
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  • Fall '08
  • Staff
  • Public speaker, Speaking fee, Impromptu speaking

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