Biological pollution Lab Report.pdf - Biological Pollution Lab Worksheet Species MANGROVE NATIVE or INVASIVE Physical description Mangroves are very

Biological pollution Lab Report.pdf - Biological Pollution...

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Unformatted text preview: Biological Pollution Lab Worksheet Species: MANGROVE NATIVE or INVASIVE Physical description:____________________________________________________________________ Mangroves are very distinguishable by their long, _____________________________________________________________________________________ tree-branch-like roots that extend downward and _____________________________________________________________________________________ out. The leaves are small and smooth-edged that grow up in clumps or groups. _____________________________________________________________________________________ With what habitat is it typically associated? Pine Rocklands Mangrove Sawgrass Prairie Hardwood Hammock More than One of the Above If Invasive, which of the following characteristics allowed it to become invasive? Intentional introduction Efficient reproduction Tolerance of a wide range of conditions Few or no natural enemies in the new ecosystem Ability to out-compete Able to colonize disturbed areas Clarify your above response:____________________________________________________________ These species typically grow along the edges of the shoreline. The _____________________________________________________________________________________ smoothly textured roots grow down and outward, extending off into different branches. The roots are clearly distinguishable as they grow a feet above the surface of the soil before submerging underground. Additionally, the roots play an essential role in the _____________________________________________________________________________________ plants’ stability and an essential role in maintaining the integrity of _____________________________________________________________________________________ the surrounding ecosystems against erosion and storm surges. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 1 Biological Pollution Lab Worksheet Species: GUMBO LIMBO NATIVE or INVASIVE Physical description:____________________________________________________________________ The Gumbo Limbo tree has long, intricate/ _____________________________________________________________________________________ detailed trunks that extend up and branch out, growing in thick units close to the ground. The _____________________________________________________________________________________ leaves extend from the trunks in a separate fashion. The leaves individually have long, _____________________________________________________________________________________ thin characteristics that resemble pods. With what habitat is it typically associated? Pine Rocklands Mangrove Sawgrass Prairie Hardwood Hammock More than One of the Above If Invasive, which of the following characteristics allowed it to become invasive? Intentional introduction Efficient reproduction Tolerance of a wide range of conditions Few or no natural enemies in the new ecosystem Ability to out-compete Able to colonize disturbed areas Clarify your above response:____________________________________________________________ Gumbo Limbo is a large tree that grows tall with massive _____________________________________________________________________________________ branches that extend out from its main, think root. The leaves _____________________________________________________________________________________ alternate from stems in separate units shaped as pointy ovals. The bright green surfaces reflect the sun’s light while underneath is a paler green. The park is a brownish color and tends to maintain a papery-scale like texture. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 2 Biological Pollution Lab Worksheet Species: ROYAL PALM NATIVE or INVASIVE Physical description:____________________________________________________________________ The Royal Palm is a tall, massive tree that grows to heights towering over surrounding plants. It has one think, resistant trunk with grey ring-like ridges _____________________________________________________________________________________ wrapping horizontally up the trunk until a few feet from _____________________________________________________________________________________ the branches. The smooth, finger-like leaves extend separately out in collective, palm shaped units. _____________________________________________________________________________________ With what habitat is it typically associated? Pine Rocklands Mangrove Sawgrass Prairie Hardwood Hammock More than One of the Above If Invasive, which of the following characteristics allowed it to become invasive? Intentional introduction Efficient reproduction Tolerance of a wide range of conditions Few or no natural enemies in the new ecosystem Ability to out-compete Able to colonize disturbed areas Clarify your above response:____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ This is a single trunk tree with large, long, fan-like leaves. It’s native habitat is tropical environments which include South Florida, Central American, and some Caribbean islands. This species requires a sunny, hot climate and thrive in direct sun light. The _____________________________________________________________________________________ leaves of this giant are very long, smooth and green in color with a _____________________________________________________________________________________ long tubular crown shaft below the leaf. These are strong, durable species that can survive extreme tropical weather patterns and are _____________________________________________________________________________________ found throughout Southern Florida. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 3 Biological Pollution Lab Worksheet Species: CABBAGE PALM NATIVE or INVASIVE Physical description:____________________________________________________________________ Cabbage Palms have curved, fan-shaped leaves with _____________________________________________________________________________________ blade-like ridged leaves that extend off into individual, separate units. The trunk is think and sturdy with bark _____________________________________________________________________________________ extending up and out in a pattern of intersecting straight lines. _____________________________________________________________________________________ With what habitat is it typically associated? Pine Rocklands Mangrove Sawgrass Prairie Hardwood Hammock More than One of the Above If Invasive, which of the following characteristics allowed it to become invasive? Intentional introduction Efficient reproduction Tolerance of a wide range of conditions Few or no natural enemies in the new ecosystem Ability to out-compete Able to colonize disturbed areas Clarify your above response:____________________________________________________________ These species are native to Florida and costal regions of _____________________________________________________________________________________ Southeast United States such as Georgia and the Carolinas. The _____________________________________________________________________________________ palm shaped leaves form a canopy-like structure above the trunk with the thin tips of the leaves drooping down. The uniques of the trunk differentiates this species from other trees as the tips of the bark extend vertically out from the truck in criss-cross sections. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 4 Biological Pollution Lab Worksheet Species: CASTOR BEAN NATIVE or INVASIVE Physical description:____________________________________________________________________ The Castor Bean tree has canopy-shaped leaves _____________________________________________________________________________________ with jagged, sawlike edges. The bright green leaves have distinguishable red central veins that extend _____________________________________________________________________________________ from the center out to each individual leaf. The branches are thin and smooth that extend outward _____________________________________________________________________________________ from different points of the primary branch. With what habitat is it typically associated? Pine Rocklands Mangrove Sawgrass Prairie Hardwood Hammock More than One of the Above If Invasive, which of the following characteristics allowed it to become invasive? Intentional introduction Efficient reproduction Tolerance of a wide range of conditions Few or no natural enemies in the new ecosystem Ability to out-compete Able to colonize disturbed areas Clarify your above response:____________________________________________________________ The castor bean is native to tropical east African and Ethiopia but has spread and flourished in tropical and subtropical environments globally, including South Florida. This is a large _____________________________________________________________________________________ shrub-like small tree and grows easily in warmer climates. It has _____________________________________________________________________________________ a dense shurb-like canopy with leaves that resemble star shapes. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 5 Biological Pollution Lab Worksheet Species: AUSTRALIAN PINE NATIVE or INVASIVE Physical description:____________________________________________________________________ The Australian Pine has needle-like _____________________________________________________________________________________ branchlets with small cone-like pods that sit at the base of the leaves. The stems are jointed, _____________________________________________________________________________________ thin and extend separately out into long extensions. _____________________________________________________________________________________ With what habitat is it typically associated? Pine Rocklands Mangrove Sawgrass Prairie Hardwood Hammock More than One of the Above If Invasive, which of the following characteristics allowed it to become invasive? Intentional introduction Efficient reproduction Tolerance of a wide range of conditions Few or no natural enemies in the new ecosystem Ability to out-compete Able to colonize disturbed areas Clarify your above response:____________________________________________________________ The Australian Pine is a tropical evergreen tree that grows tall. It is _____________________________________________________________________________________ native to Australia, and the South Pacific region. It was introduced to South Florida and has thrived due to the shade it receives from other taller native palms. However, this particular species has caused problems to the ecosystem here in South Florida due its _____________________________________________________________________________________ threat to native environments and environmental damages. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 6 Biological Pollution Lab Worksheet Species: BRAZILLIAN PEPPER NATIVE or INVASIVE Physical description:____________________________________________________________________ The Brazilian Pepper has bright dark green, _____________________________________________________________________________________ oval shaped leaves with small red berry-like clusters that form bunches around the _____________________________________________________________________________________ leaves. The stems are medium sized, shrublike structures with short trunks that extend _____________________________________________________________________________________ to long, intertwining branches. With what habitat is it typically associated? Pine Rocklands Mangrove Sawgrass Prairie Hardwood Hammock More than One of the Above If Invasive, which of the following characteristics allowed it to become invasive? Intentional introduction Efficient reproduction Tolerance of a wide range of conditions Few or no natural enemies in the new ecosystem Ability to out-compete Able to colonize disturbed areas Clarify your above response:____________________________________________________________ The Brazilian Pepper is a medium sized shrub like small tree that is native to Brazil. This is one of the most widespread nonnative invasive species in Florida and represent a threat _____________________________________________________________________________________ to the native plant and wildlife populations due to the _____________________________________________________________________________________ characteristics and nature of the plant. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 7 Biological Pollution Lab Worksheet Species: SILK REED NATIVE or INVASIVE Physical description:____________________________________________________________________ The Silk Reed is a reed-like plant with stems that extend and branch straight upward, filled with soft hair-like leaves. The leaves are long, _____________________________________________________________________________________ smooth, and shiny with a clumps of blades of _____________________________________________________________________________________ hair extending out at the top. _____________________________________________________________________________________ With what habitat is it typically associated? Pine Rocklands Mangrove Sawgrass Prairie Hardwood Hammock More than One of the Above If Invasive, which of the following characteristics allowed it to become invasive? Intentional introduction Efficient reproduction Tolerance of a wide range of conditions Few or no natural enemies in the new ecosystem Ability to out-compete Able to colonize disturbed areas Clarify your above response:____________________________________________________________ The Silk Reed is an invasive species to South Florida’s _____________________________________________________________________________________ ecosystem and was introduced to the environment for ornamental purposes. However, it is able to colonize habitats _____________________________________________________________________________________ rapidly once it has been established in an area. It is viewed as a threat due to its high flammability, which can cause frequent _____________________________________________________________________________________ fires in the area. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 8 Biological Pollution Lab Worksheet Species: OYSTER PLANT NATIVE or INVASIVE Physical description:____________________________________________________________________ The Oyster Plant is a shrub-like plant with short base stems and long, flat leaves that _____________________________________________________________________________________ extend out and up, growing in a clump-like _____________________________________________________________________________________ fashion. The leaves are green and purple in color and have a smooth texture. _____________________________________________________________________________________ With what habitat is it typically associated? Pine Rocklands Mangrove Sawgrass Prairie Hardwood Hammock More than One of the Above If Invasive, which of the following characteristics allowed it to become invasive? Intentional introduction Efficient reproduction Tolerance of a wide range of conditions Few or no natural enemies in the new ecosystem Ability to out-compete Able to colonize disturbed areas Clarify your above response:____________________________________________________________ The Oyster Plan is a dense, upright plant that is extremely _____________________________________________________________________________________ hardy in different climates and environments. As it grows, it forms a solid groundcover of upright, long flat leaves that can grow from 6-8 inches in length. This species thrives in habitats ranging from full sun exposure to shady areas and is extremely _____________________________________________________________________________________ tolerant, especially in drought prone climates. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 9 Biological Pollution Lab Worksheet Species: WEST INDIES MAHOGANY NATIVE or INVASIVE Physical description:____________________________________________________________________ The West Indies Mahogany is a medium to large _____________________________________________________________________________________ sized tree with a tall straight trunk and a broad crown. The bark is thick with rough, think scales _____________________________________________________________________________________ that are elevated from the trunk in sections. The leaves are small, dark green in color and oval _____________________________________________________________________________________ shaped with a pointed tip. With what habitat is it typically associated? Pine Rocklands Mangrove Sawgrass Prairie Hardwood Hammock...
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