Exam 1 Notes

Exam 1 Notes - Exam 1 Notes What is Jazz? -Trumpet: Louie...

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Exam 1 Notes What is Jazz? -Trumpet: Louie Armstrong -Saxophone: Charlie Parker -Drums -Piano -Guitar -Bass -Vocals -IMPROVISATION: Creation in the moment -SWING: “It don’t mean a thing if it ain’t got that swing!” -Rhythmic feeling that’s not rigid nor fixed (Off-beat) Jazz… “It’s about the hang, man!” Musical Communities < ----- > Culture/Society WHY STUDY JAZZ HISTORY? -Unique American Art Form -The “roots” of most contemporary American music -Reflects American society and culture from the mid-1800’s through today -Gain a deeper appreciation and understanding of contemporary music. NEW ORLEANS: (1850-1920) -Blues -Ragtime -African Music -Marching band Music -Plantation Music WEST AFRICAN MUSIC: Roots of Jazz (Part 1) -1807: Approx 400,000 native-born Africans in America -New Orleans major port for slave trade of the South -West African cultural retentions (music) -1817: NO City Council designates “Congo Square” official site for slave dance on Sundays -Master drummer improvises and bases his rhythms on the lead dancers *SIKYI DANCE MUSIC (CD 1 Tk1): -Instruments: Cowbell, Drums, Shakers, Voice -Tempo: Speed of the music (Fast) -Musical Elements: -Pulse: Where you’re moving your body to (Fast)
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-RHYTHM: Motion in music, regular pattern -POLYRHYTHM: Many rhythms -SYNCOPATION: Emphasis of the rhythm that falls in between the beats -MELODY: Singing -HARMONY: When 2 or more pitches are played simultaneously (Conveys emotion and tells a story) -Call/Response ELEMENTS OF WEST AFRICAN MUSIC: -Rhythmic complexity (Polyrhythms & Syncopation) -Call & Response -Improvisation -Instruments mimicking voice -Blurring of pitch and tone -Music-dance connection SYNCRETISM: Blending together of cultural elements that previously existed separately Jazz = West African + European Music THE COUNTRY BLUES: Roots of Jazz (Part 2) -Early African-American song form -Used to coordinate physical activities of a group -Call-and-response used for social integration -Sound of tools an integral part of the music. “The Blues”: African-American Song Form -Expression of suffering & desire -Call-and-response structures -Blues scale (“blue” notes) -Lyrical stanza form -12-bar blues harmonic form -Instruments imitating voice Blues: Emotion + Expression -Repetitive structure “Country Blues” -Evolved from work songs -Men accompanying himself on guitar
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-Male-dominated world-view (alienation, helplessness) -Informal folk art -Liberties with form “HELLHOUND ON MY TRAIL” -Robert Johnson (1911-1938) -Recorded in 1937 -Example of “Country Blues” -What’s it about? – Singing about how he’s got trouble that’s catching up to him -He wants to be with a woman but he can’t -Form: -Singing & Guitar Style? -Musical elements of song?
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Exam 1 Notes - Exam 1 Notes What is Jazz? -Trumpet: Louie...

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