Exam 1 Notes

Exam 1 Notes - Exam 1 Notes COMMUNITY NUTRITION Areas of...

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Exam 1 Notes COMMUNITY NUTRITION: Areas of Competence: -Nutrition and Biology -Public Health -Social and Behavioral Sciences -Education COMMUNITY NUTRITION: -The branch of nutrition that addresses the entire range of food and nutrition issues related to individuals, families, special needs and high risk groups living in defined geographical area. -Community nutrition programs include those programs that provide increased access to food sources/appropriate foods, food and nutrition education, and health- related care that are community based. -Many nutrition programs are federally funded and conduct applied research. Community nutrition programs are PREVENTION programs. TITLES: -Community Nutrition Educator -Registered Dietitian -Public Health Nutritionist -Cooperative Extension Nutritionist/ Specialist -WIC Nutrition Aide -EFNEP Para-Professional -SNAP-Ed nutrition-program assistant COOPERATIVE EXTENSION: Moral Act (1800’s) - Every state shall have land to build a university for the Industrial Masses. -Land Grant Universities (URI) -Originally designed for mechanical and agricultural arts SMITH LEVER ACT: Cooperative Extension Services -Include nutrition programs -Helps to serve communities and solve problems *THE FIRST FOOD PYRAMID WAS ESTABLISHED IN 1992* *MYPYRAMID.GOV WAS EASTABLISHED IN APRIL 2005* DHHS: Dept. of Health and Human Services (Federal Agency) Helped to develop food guide pyramid
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EFNEP: Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program -Nutrition Education and empowerment program to teach underprivileged -Teach about nutrition, not food stamps -Certain ethnic groups have a leader to teach the public (in different languages) SNAP-Ed: Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Education (Food Stamps) 1) NUTRITION & BIOLOGY: -Nutrient requirements and dietary recommendations -Biological differences/ needs -Anthropometry, biochemistry -Research Findings -Food systems policies/ standards -Food safety policies/ standards -Food access issues (urban vs. rural) -Principles of food science, food preparation -Identification of nutrition/ health misinformation 2) PUBLIC HEALTH: -Local, state, regional and national structures and development of public policy related to nutrition and health services. -Agency level planning and decision making -Mgmt. principles for assessment, planning, implementation, and evaluation -Understands how nutrition, services and education are integrated into overall health and social service programs. -Resource Mgmt (grants, funding, resources, fiscal reports) -Personal Mgmt -Statistics, data collection and management, computer applications -Research and evaluation principles (applied) -Relationships between the environment and nutrition/health -Understands health monitoring and surveillance -Group dynamics/ group processes -Roles and operations of boards, committees, task forces, coalitions, partnerships -Interdisciplinary approaches/teams 3) SOCIAL AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES: -Counseling/coaching and motivational techniques for behavior change -Survey/instrument development -Communications skills -Media skills -Social/behavioral theories -Recognition of priorities
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Exam 1 Notes - Exam 1 Notes COMMUNITY NUTRITION Areas of...

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