communism___womens_rights_dbq_sample.docx - 1 Using the documents provided and your knowledge of world history analyze the degree to which communist

communism___womens_rights_dbq_sample.docx - 1 Using the...

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1 Using the documents provided and your knowledge of world history, analyze the degree to which communist movements affected women’s struggle for rights in the twentieth century. The communist ideology was on the rise entering the twentieth century. As European imperialism contributed to the growth of industrial capitalism, many workers (both men and women) around the world would be exploited by wealthy capitalists resulting in the growth of socialism, and in particular, communism around the globe as a way to challenge social inequality. Many communist parties grew and took over states, including the Soviet Union and Cuba, as a way to combat the imperialist nations of the west, especially post WWII and during the Cold War. However, the Communist east was behind the west in terms of industrial production, during the Cold War, so it was crucial for communist states to involve women in the industrial production process and one way to guarantee women’s participation was to extend women’s rights throughout the Eastern communist governments. When looking at the degree to which communist movements affected women’s struggle for rights in the twentieth century, it is clear that communist parties often used women to strengthen their own political power and women in communist states saw limited improvement in their rights within communist governments. Women were continually exploited by communist states throughout the twentieth century as these governments built their own power and worked toward their own domestic goals (Doc. 3, 5 & 6). In the North Vietnamese Constitution of 1960 women are guaranteed many rights including political equality, equal pay and protection for new mothers and their children. The new government in North Vietnam led by Ho Chi Minh recently came to power and needed to solidify a strong political base, and therefore needs the support of the Vietnamese women, to guarantee the success of the new government and to ultimately extend his communist government into South Vietnam. Minh and the communist party are looking out for themselves first, not the women of North Vietnam (Doc. 3). Similar motivations are seen in the propaganda poster issued by the Chinese Communist Party in 1970 with the slogan of “Encourage Late Marriage, Plan for Birth, Work Hard for the New Age.” China’s Mao Zedong is in the midst of the Cultural Revolution and is pushing for mass industrialization in order to compete with the other world superpowers, namely the U.S. & Soviet Union. The poster portrays women as having multiple professional opportunities in China such as in the scientific, technological and military fields.

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