chapter6 - Chapter 6 Deviance and Crime Sociological...

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Chapter 6 Deviance and Crime
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Sociological Definition of Deviance Stresses social context, not individual behavior. Recognizes that not all behaviors are judged similarly by all groups. Recognizes that established rules and norms are socially created.
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Sociological Perspectives of Deviance Functionalism Deviance creates social cohesion. Symbolic Interaction Deviance is learned behavior. Conflict Theory Dominant classes control the definition of deviance.
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Functionalism: Durkheim,Three Types of Suicide 1. Anomic - disintegrating forces in society make an individual feel lost and alone. 2. Altruistic - for the sake of a higher cause. 3. Egoistic - occurs when people feel totally detached from society.
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Functionalism,Merton’s Structural Strain Theory Culture establishes goals for people. Social structures provide, or fail to provide, the means for people to achieve those goals. Imbalance between cultural goals and structurally available means can compel individuals into deviant behavior.
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Merton’s Structural Strain Theory Cultural goals accepted? Institutionalized means toward goal available? Conformity Yes Yes Innovative deviance Yes No Ritualistic deviance No Yes
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Merton’s Structural Strain Theory Cultural goals accepted? Institutionalized means toward goal available? Retreatism deviance No No Rebellion No (old goals) Yes (new goals) No (old means) Yes (new means)
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Differential Association Deviant behavior is learned through
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2009 for the course SOCIOLOGY 1010 taught by Professor Morresy during the Spring '09 term at Toledo.

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chapter6 - Chapter 6 Deviance and Crime Sociological...

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