chapter10 - Chapter 10 Gender Defining Sex and Gender Sex...

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Chapter 10 Gender
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Defining Sex and Gender Sex refers to biological identity. Gender refers to learned behaviors associated with each sex.
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Biological Sex Identity A person’s sex identity is established at the moment of conception when the father’s sperm provides either an X or a Y chromosome to the egg at fertilization. The mother contributes an X chromosome to the embryo. Two X chromosomes make a female; an X and a Y, a male.
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Sex Differences: Nature or Nurture? What is the relationship between biology and society in explaining gender differences? Biological determinism refers to explanations that attribute complex social phenomena to physical characteristics.
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Hermaphroditism A condition caused by irregularities in the process of chromosome formation or fetal differentiation that produces persons with mixed biological sex characteristics. In the most common form of hermaphroditism, the child is born with ovaries or testes, but the genitals are ambiguous or mixed.
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The hijras of India are a sexual minority group; this man is considered to be a “third gender”—
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chapter10 - Chapter 10 Gender Defining Sex and Gender Sex...

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