chapter12 - Chapter 12 Families and Religion Defining...

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Chapter 12 Families and Religion
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Defining Family A primary group of people—usually related by ancestry, marriage, or adoption—who form a cooperative economic unit to care for any offspring (and each other) and who are committed to maintaining the group over time.
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Descent, lineage, names Patrilineal – through sons Matrilineal – through daughters Bilateral – both, mixed
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Number of Marriage Partners Polygamy is the practice of men or women having multiple marriage partners. Polygamy usually involves polygyny , one man having more than one wife. Polyandry is the practice of a woman having more than one husband. Monogamy is a sexually exclusive marriage with one spouse.
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Exogamy and Endogamy Exogamy is the practice of selecting mates from outside one’s group. Endogamy is the practice of selecting mates from within one’s group. The group may be based on religion, territory, racial identity, and so forth. The incest taboo , considered to be universal, is a cultural norm forbidding sexual relations and marriage between certain kin.
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Extended and Nuclear Families Extended families are the whole network of parents, children, and other relatives who form a family unit. Extended families are common among the urban poor because they develop a cooperative system of social and economic support. The nuclear family is comprised of one married couple residing together with their children.
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Family Few families conform to the traditional family ideal: A father employed as the breadwinner and a mother at home raising children. Women have new options and greater independence. Fathers are discovering that there can be great pleasure in domestic and child-care responsibilities.
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Marriage The values of partners, as well as the roles they play, influence their experience of marriage. 1/2 of all women and nearly 1/2 of all men say
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2009 for the course SOCIOLOGY 1010 taught by Professor Morresy during the Spring '09 term at Toledo.

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chapter12 - Chapter 12 Families and Religion Defining...

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