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Unformatted text preview: DEPARTMENT OF EAST ASIAN LANGUAGES AND CULTURES Chinese 50: Chinese Civilization Syllabus (1) What is "China" and Who are the Chinese? (2) (3) (4) (5) This section will explain the meaning of the English name "China" and the Chinese name-zhongguo#1Eg . This section will also discuss, from the Viewpoints of history, culture, anthropology, and modern soiences, the origins of the Chinese, or who were the ancestors of the Chinese. The history of China This part will introduce the overall development of the complete history of China, starting from the Palaeolithic and Neolithic of "Pre—historic" times to the "Historic" period beginning with the Xia Dynasty (c2100-1600 BC) until present day. Important events and developments of the Historic period will be briefly introduced. The Beginning and Early Developments of the Civilization of China Briefly introducing, with handout materials and slides, the beginnings and early developments of the most important aspects of the civilization of China such as arts, religion, rice planting, pottery production, dance and music, house and village and city buildings, animal domes— tication, etc. The Writting (Written Language) of China Different from the writings of other ancient civilizations, the Chinese are using "characters" for communication and record keeping. The Chinese characters originated from "picture" and "mark" of some 8,000 years ago. This sec- tion will be using the most up-to—date archaeological materials to discuss the very origin and the early deve— lopments of the unique writing of China. The Chinese Thoughts Thoughts and religions are closely related. The Chinese are a theocratic people who worship all kinds of dieties. However, in terms of philosophies, there are three major ones, Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism. The first two are native Chinese while the last one was imported from India. This section will provide a brief account on the lives of the founders and the nature of the philosophies of these schools of thoughts. (6) Contributions in Sciences and Technologies by Ancient Chinese Affluent Chinese love "Brandy" and Whiskey and they call them as yangjiufigfjfi or "foreign wine"——-a social status showing commodit . However, the Chinese and the great majority of other people do not know that Brandy was }n faCt produced originally by the Chinese shaojiixfialifig or "burnt wine." The name Brandy derived from the Dutch ” "brandewijn" and the German "branntwein", both also mean "burnt wine." It is clear that "burnt wine" was imported through the Dutch seamen, from China into Europe. ' According to the research by outstanding scholars, in addition to the inventions of compass, gunpowder, paper, and printing, the ancient Chinese contributed tremendously to sciences and all kinds of technologies. This section will introduce, with archaeological finds and demonstrations, such contributions (7) Food and Love in Chinese Culture The Chinese planted the first rice in the world and ‘”- introduced the unique eating tools, the "chopsticks." Food and chopsticks are probablly the most important aspect of the culture of China. - Even in modern times, the Chinese rarely show their affection toward each other in public. However, there are ample evidence to prove that the Chinese are as intimate as any other peoples in the world. This section will talk about the Chinese art, philosophy, and joy toward food and love. Recommended Readings; A Brief History of China, by Schirokauer, Conrad Thomson/Wadsworth, 2006 Belmont, California The Cambridge History of China, by Denis Twitchett John K. Fairbank, Others Cambridge (Eng), New YOrk, Cambridge University Press, 1978—2002 Science and Civilization in China, Joseph Needham Cambridge University Press, 1965- Chinese Civilization: A Source Book, by Patricia B. Ebrey Free Press, New York 1993 The Chinese Roundabout, by Jonathan D. Spence W. W. Norton, New York 1992 The Genius of China: 3000 Yearsof Science, Discovery, and Invention, By Robert Temple Andre Deutsch, London 2007 Facing the Moon: Poems of Li Bai and Du Fu, Translated by Keith Holyoak Oyster River Press, Durham, NH 03824 2007 ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2009 for the course CHINESE 50 taught by Professor Chou during the Spring '07 term at UCLA.

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