Sociology 134 Lecture Notes

Sociology 134 Lecture Notes - Soc 134 Exam#1 Midterm Exam...

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Soc. 134: Exam #1 2/23/2009 9:36:00 PM Midterm Exam: Tues, March 3, 1:00-2:15 Soc Sci 6210 50 Multiple Choice Questions All readings and movies are on it Review outline has been posted US poverty Rates 12.6 % of US is poor o Whites: 8.3% o Asian Americans: 11.1% o Hispanics: 21.8% o Blacks: 24.9% o American Indians: 25.7% * Notice: Hispanics, Blacks, and American Indians have MUCH HIGHER rates of poverty! Demography: The study of human populations Size Growth Density/Distribution Vital stats (births, deaths, marriages) Size according to the 2000 census 75.1% White 12.5% Latino 12.3% Black 3.6% Asian American .9% Native American Distribution: Doesn‟t add to 100% (more) because of double counting; Latinos also counted as white, etc… o South Eastern states = Blacks. Plantations
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o South Western states = Hispanics Used to be Mexico o Hawaii and California = Asian Americans Railroads Cheep for Asians to boat to California o Western Mountains = American Indian Reservations Growth: Rapid growth of Hispanic population Projected to Whites to be ½ of the population of America in 2050 There is a HUGE range of the population of Native American or Pacific Islander o Because very few people only identified as this. o It is possible to identify as more than one ethnicity Ex: White and Native American Reasons for Growth: The US minority population more than tripled since 1950! Why? o Immigration o Minorities have Higher Birth Rate than Whites o Self Identification Native American populations Immigration Native Born: o US resident born in US or areas owned by US (Guam) o US resident born in another country, but has at least one parent who is a US citizen Immigrants: o Aliens admitted to the US for lawful permanent residence Foreign Born: o Includes immigrants o Legal non immigrants (refugees, students, work visas) o Undocumented aliens
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* The amount of Foregn Born in the US has grown a ton, BUT the percent has stayed the same!!! o The population of Citizens has also grown! Age Distribution: Minorities are usually younger because they come for hard labor and is of child bearing age. Fertility Rates of Race/ Ethnicity of Mothers: Two patterns to note: o Hispanics have a much higher fertility rate Asians are lowest, than Whites o Over time, the trajectory of ever race is going down. Identity: American Indians more than tripled from 1960-1990 o Not due to immigration o Not due to birth rates Due to “ETHNIC SWITCHING” o Urban relocation program (1948) = Decreased o Civil Rights Movement (1960s) = Increased o Political Activism = Increased * 2000 Census allows people to Identify with multiple groups. Ethnicity: Refers t o a group of people that have a… Shared culture o Beliefs o Behaviors Sometimes shared place of origin Sometimes shared sense of history External (not born with) Acquired and transmissible Often self defined Flexible (ethnic switching)
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Race: In biology, race distinguishes animal groups.
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