This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: ARTS 150 Exam 1 Review As you prepare for this first exam, keep these things in mind: a percentage of the questions on the exam will come directly from the review, verbatim. This means that you should completely master the questions on this exam. Other questions will come from lecture/discussion, posted PowerPoint presentations (including notes) and MyArtKit quizzes. Try to get as many answers as you can, study with classmates and use the discussion board to post questions and respond to your classmates' calls for clarifications. Among the numerous elements that identify this structure as , the , which facilitate weight distribution and the , which reinforce the effect of the soaring height of the building are among the most common to this type of church.  (a) Early Modern (b) Renaissance (c) Gothic (d) Florentine (e) English  (a) spires  (b) aisles (c) nave (d) flying buttresses (e) rose windows (a) spires (b) aisles (c) nave (d) flying buttresses (e) rose windows  Which of the following statements best characterizes the differences between the early modern design for Florence Cathedral and its Gothic predecessors? (a) By constructing the dome first, the architects who designed Florence Cathedral guaranteed that its appearance would differ from the spiky, spindly verticality of Gothic cathedrals. (b) By minimizing exterior decoration and emphasizing horizontality, the architects who designed Florence Cathedral wished to convey the idea of the church as part of the earthly realm rather than the heavenly realm. (c) By choosing construction and roofing materials that distinguish the building from those that surround it, the architects made the Florence Cathedral stand out from the surrounding urban topography in ways that differed from the dominance of Gothic cathedrals. (d) Unlike Gothic cathedrals, the interior spaces of Florence Cathedral reflect an emphasis on engineering rather than design. (e) None of these statements accurately characterizes the differences between Florence Cathedral and its Gothic predecessors.   Match the following events and circumstances to their respective effects and/or consequences for European society:  Relocation of the papacy from Rome to Avignon in 1309. (a) increased focus on human potential in the earthly realm  The rise of the Italian citystate. (b) subversion of entrenched socioeconomic hierarchies  Expansion of trade across maritime and land routes. (c) challenge to the idea of the Christian church as immutable  The printing press, humanistic texts and vernacular literature. (d) relocation of political power  The spread of bubonic plague [the Black Death] across Europe. (e) greater access to and wider distribution of personal wealth The  used in Duccio's Nativity with Prophets Isaiah and Ezekiel (13081311) suggests  influence, while the representation of the central narrative in  identifies the work as early modern or Renaissance.  (a) full profile (b) fresco (c) gold leaf (d) canvas (e) cave  (a) GrecoRoman (b) East Asian (c) early modern (d) ItaloByzantine (e) Romanesque  (a) a predella (b) an altarpiece (c) a diptych (d) synoptic narrative (e) a shed or manger Ambrogio Lorenzetti's Allegory of Good Government in the City appears in the  of the . In addition to its use of  in the representation of figures, this  includes recognizable  elements from the city of Siena. The scale of this work and its specific location and intended audiences reflect the influence of  on the arts in the fourteenth century in Italy. (a) Sala della Pace  (a) Piazza della Signoria  (a) stylization (b) Wenceslas Chapel (b) Loggia dei Lanzi (b) idealization (c) Scrovegni Chapel (c) Camposanto (c) Realism (d) Chartreuse de Champmol (d) Palazzo Pubblico (d) naturalism (e) courtyard (e) Palazzo Medici (e) portraiture  (a) ecclesiastical  (a) the bubonic plague (b) decorative (b) the pope's relocation from Rome to Avignon (c) zoomorphic (c) increased trade over land and sea (d) strategic (d) vernacular literature (e) architectural (e) the rise of citystates  Match the statement to the painting to which it best applies:  (a) oil painting (b) cartoon (c) fresco (d) tempera painting (e) tapestry  Master Theodoric  Giotto  Cimabue  Duccio  Bonaventura Berlinghieri Saint Luke Madonna Enthroned Madonna Enthroned Betrayal of Jesus Saint Francis Altarpiece (a) The synoptic narrative of this painting takes on a new meaning in light of a recent rediscovery of the manuscript "Book of Judas." (b) In its representation of the dissolution of boundaries between the heavenly and earthly realms, this painting suggests that the power of the divine cannot be contained within a wooden frame. (c) The hierarchical representation of figures and the framing of narrative episode in this painting qualify it as ItaloByzantine in style. (d) The hierarchical representation of figures, the abundance of gold leaf and the absence of profile in the representation of human figures qualify this painting as ItaloByzantine in style. (e) Though this painting includes hierarchical representation of figures and an abundance of gold leaf, it also includes modeling, spatial recession and naturalistic representation of interaction between the figures, all of which combine to qualify the work as early modern.  Select the list of characteristics that best relates to each of these works:  (a) precious materials, portability, public devotion, grisaille (b) grisaille, portability, private devotion, two narrative cycles (c) precious materials, public devotion, heraldic elements (d) two narrative cycles, ritual, grisaille, oil painting (e) heraldic design, grisaille, precious materials, public devotion    Though produced in different media for different uses, these works were both created for use by European monarchs. (a) True (b) False  King Wenceslas of Bohemia changed his name to Charles IV as a gesture of admiration for the king who commissioned The Book of Hours for Jeanne d'Evreux. (a) True (b) False The objects pictured at left demonstrate the extent to which  influenced the visual arts in early modern Europe (a) classical mythology (d) vernacular literature (b) GrecoRoman history (e) sacred poetry (c) the apocrypha  Orcagna's Tabernacle, created to house Bernardo Daddi's Madonna and Child, connects to which of the following sets of groups, events, circumstances and impulses? (a) a monumental acknowledgment of the renewed influence of the pope (b) a monumental acknowledgment of the Black Death (c) religious confraternities, merchants' guilds and public financing for religious objects (d) Gothic architectural and ornamental forms and precious materials (e) b, c and d  Which of the listed works most closely compares to February from the Trs Riches Heures of the Duke of Berry? (a)Robert Campin, Mrode Altarpiece (b) Unknown artist, Vesperbild (c) Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Allegory of Good Government in the City and Countryside (d)Rogier van der Weyden, Deposition (e) Bronzino, Allegory with Venus and Cupid Melchior Broederlam's altarpiece, which represents the  and the Visitation in the left panel and the Presentation in the Temple and the  in the right panel was made for the , for which Claus Sluter made . (a) Four Crowned Martyrs (d) Annunciation (b) Chartreuse de Champmol (e) Flight into Egypt (c) Well of Moses  The unusual shape of the diptych panels can be attributed to the shape of the sculpture installed behind the altarpiece. (a) True (b) False  Though produced in different centuries in different parts of Europe, Robert Campin's Mrode Altarpiece and Michelangelo's David share which of the following characteristics? (a) Both illustrate narratives from the New Testament. (b) Both demonstrate the concept of "precision of narrative moment." (c) Both naturalize and domesticate the sacred. (d) Both use linear perspective to reinforce the "visual authority" of the image. (e) Both use contrapposto in the naturalistic representation of the human figure. Despite their apparent differences, both of these images represent  and both instruct the viewer through . The image on the left , while the image on the right . 37](a)The Virgin and Child with saints and prophets (a) an inscription (b) the fulfillment of a promise by the patron (b) a gesture (c) the desire of the artist justify immoral behavior (c) chiaroscuro (d) the domestication of the sacred (d) specificity of place (e) The Virgin and Child in the presence of one or more angels (e) precision of narrative moment (a) dissolves boundaries between sacred and profane (a) includes subtly coded references to the Illuminati (b) shows the wife of the French king as the Virgin Mary (b) combines Platonic philosophy with a message of Christian salvation (c) was produced as one panel in a triptych (c) refers to an early Christian martyr (d) promotes prayer and carrying the message (d) was commissioned by a peasant who rose to the highest levels of society (e) was destroyed during World War II (e) demonstrates the simplicity and legibility of Italian Renaissance painting  As originally produced, both of these works were oil on wood panel. (a) True (b) False  The concept or idea that best connects these works is: (a) the Black Death (b) the rise of citystates (c) the relocation of the pope to Avignon (d) the fulfillment of individual human potential (e) increased personal wealth from trade on land and sea Konrad Witz's Miraculous Draught of Fishes demonstrates the principle of the  of the sacred by setting the narrative . (a) mystical experience (a) on the shores of Lake Geneva in Switzerland (b) domestication (b) on the banks of the River Jordan (c) localization (c) against a backdrop painted for an Italian opera troupe (d) dissolution (d) in the presence of Flemish warehouses on the docks (e) nationalization (e) in terms of vernacular literature All three of these works include a representation of . Of the three, only the work made from  incorporates a mistranslation of the scriptures. (a) Moses (a) marble (b) the biblical King David (b)bronze (c) Saint Stephen (c) concrete (d) Goliath (d) plaster (e) contrapposto (e) limestone  The term used to identify a figure from Christian narrative (such as horns, a stone, arrows, etc.) is: (a) accoutrement (d) assimilation (b) association (e) annunciation (c) attribute  Match the work to the statement that characterizes it:      (a) A rare example of relief sculpture produced by a female artist. (b) An example of heroic nudity devoid of biblical reference. (c) The first freestanding, lifesize nude sculpture produced since ancient Rome. (d) A humanistic rejection of the principle that limits such statues to rulers of the Roman and Holy Roman Empires. (e) A turning point in the history of art in which connections to classical mythology justified representations of nudity. The interior decoration of Toledo's San Juan de los Reyes by Juan Gas and the Chichester Constable chasuble dissolve the boundary between the sacred and the secular by incorporating  into ecclesiastical architecture and textiles. (a) heraldry (d) northern European iconography (b) semiprecious jewels (e) synoptic narrative (c) saintly attributes Though not as valuable as paintings and sculptures in today's art markets, works such as these  of Saint Anthony Tormented by Demons by Martin Schongauer and Battle of the Ten Nudes by Antonio Pollaiuolo demonstrate the importance of  to the development of  in early modern Europe. (a) grisaille (a) vernacular literature (a) ecclesiastical iconography (b) engravings (b) the plastic arts (b) linear perspective (c) etchings (c) the graphic arts (c) humanism (d) moveable type printing presses (d) the mastery of oil painting (d) visual literacy (e) apprenticeship (e) heroic nudity (e) the sciences of anatomy and physiology  Revolutionary for its presentation and distribution of images of heroic male nudity without any reference to biblical narrative, Pollaiuolo's Battle of the Ten Nudes also allowed its viewers from outside Italy's urban areas to better understand anatomy by accurately depicting muscular contraction and joint flexion. (a) True (b) False  Linear perspective organizes images along orthogonals that are drawn according to mathematicallyderived proportions based on human anatomy. (a) True (b) False  Linear perspective accurately represents the way that the human brain processes visual stimuli. (a) True (b) False  In terms of reception, linear perspective permanently altered artists' and audiences' expectations of visual culture. (a) True (b) False     In addition to "rediscovering" the  that he used when designing the  and ,  solved the construction problems associated with the dome of  by designing the machinery necessary to completing the job. Despite his genius, this artist lost to  in the competition for the east doors of the baptistry of  and to Michelozzo di Bartolomeo in his bid to design . (a) Vitruvian principles (a) Church of Santo Spirito (a) Church of Santo Spirito (a) Palladio (b) linear perspective (b) Church of Sant'Andrea (b) Church of Sant'Andrea (b) Bramante (c) atmospheric perspective (c) Church of San Lorenzo (c) Church of San Lorenzo (c) Brunelleschi (d) foreshortening (d) Church of San Giorgio Maggiore (d) Church of San Giorgio Maggiore (d) Donatello (e) orthogonals (e) Florence Cathedral (e) Florence Cathedral (e) Giulio Romano (a) Church of Santo Spirito (a) Donatello (a) Palazzo Pubblico (b) Church of Sant'Andrea (b) Michelangelo (b) Palazzo Farnese (c) Church of San Lorenzo (c) Leonardo (c) Palazzo della Signoria (d) Church of San Giorgio Maggiore (d) Ghiberti (d) Palazzo Rucellai (e) Florence Cathedral (e) Cellini (e) Palazzo MediciRiccardi In his panels for the east doors of the baptistry of San Giovanni, Lorenzo Ghiberti created a sense of  by using  to represent the figures in the foreground,  in the representation of the architectural setting and  to reinforce the illusion of . By representing the human figures in  and , Ghiberti's episode of biblical narrative reverses earlier proscriptions against  in the representation of Christian themes. (a) hierarchy (b) threedimensionality (c) ecclesiastical authority (d) ambient light conditions (e) mysticism (a) mysticism (b) synoptic narrative (c) dematerialization (d) ecclesiastical authority (e) spatial recession (a) stylization (b) low relief (c) high relief (d) synoptic narrative (e) dematerialization (a) linear perspective (b) atmospheric perspective (c) high relief (d) Vitruvian Man (e) drapery (a) high relief (b) linear perspective (c) atmospheric perspective (d) drapery (e) symmetry (a) stylization (b) mysticism (c) deformity (d) marble (e) GrecoRoman models (a) naturalistic form (b) stylized form (c) Romanesque form (d) anatomical disproportion (e) gilding (a) classical drapery (b) marble (c) gilding (d) modern costume (e) hierarchical arrangements   In Christ Delivering the Keys to Saint Peter,  uses linear perspective to reinforce the idea of , which had not been fully restored upon the pope's return to Rome in 1377. In , the Masaccio uses linear perspective to clarify the . (a) Ghirlandaio (d) ecclesiastical authority (b) Perugino (e) importance of tax revenues to funding wars between the citystates (c) The Tribute Money In his representation of Dead Christ,  used exaggerated  to achieved the desired visual effect of placing the viewer at Christ's feet. (a) Domenico Ghirlandaio (a) atmospheric perspective (b) Piero della Francesca (b) aerial perspective (c) Fra Angelico (c) foreshortening (d) Andrea Mantegna (d) linear perspective (e) Perugino (e) anatomical illustration  The term used to identify Mantegna's innovative approach to the Camera Picta is called: (a) perspettiva oculare (b) camera degli sposi (c) contrapposto (d) di sotto in s (e) tempietto  The term used to identify this church plan is: (a) Roman Catholic (b) Latin Cross (c) Celtic Cross (d) transept (e) Capella Scrovegni  The inclusion of Greek and Roman decorative elements in this fresco by Filippino Lippi dissolves the temporal, spatial and philosophical boundaries between the classical pagan past and the early modern Christian era. Who disagreed with this artist's practice so vehemently that he was willing to suffer torture and execution by the church for which he served as a priest? (a) Lorenzo de'Medici (d) Girolamo Savonarola (b) Fra Angelico (e) Fra Filippo Neri (c) the Duke of Urbino  by  represents an imaginary gathering of the greatest minds of western civilization. By bringing these figures together in a single image in the  of , the artist and patron claimed .  (a) The Last Supper (a) Michelangelo (a) Sala di Costantino (a) the Museo Capitolino (b) Procession of the True Cross (b) Archimedes (b) Sala della Pace (b) San Pietro in Vincoli (c) Miraculous Draught of Fishes (c) Raphael (c) Sala di Commune (c) San Paolo fuori le mura (d) School of Athens (d) Leonardo (d) Sala dell'Abbodanza (d) the Vatican (e) The Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel (e) Giorgione (e) Stanza della Segnatura (e) San Giorgio Maggiore (a) All the greatest achievements of mankind for the God of Christianity. (b) The equality of humanistic texts to the Christian bible. (c) The elevation of early modern artists and relatives of the pope to the realm of philosophers, poets, mathematicians and astronomers. (d) The final rejection of Greek and Roman philosophy. (e) a and c  These images convey the Italian High Renaissance notion of (a) Humanism as the basis for scripture. (b) The secret familial lineage of Christ. (c) Man as the ultimate expression of God's creative genius. (d) The subordination of faith by reason. (e) none of the above The  by  is a good example of the Renaissance use of purely  forms for a purely  monument. Commissioned by  to mark the site of , the structure incorporates the influences of  by way of . (a) Palazzo Farnese (b) Tempietto (c) Basilica of St. Peter (d) Pantheon (e) Dome of Florence Cathedral (a) the conversion of St. Paul (b) the flagellation of Christ (c) the procession of the true cross (d) the crucifixion of St. Peter (e) the massacre of the innocents  (a) Michelangelo (b) Bronzino (c) Giovanni Bellini (d) Bramante (e) Titian (a) Vitruvius (b) Brunelleschi (c) Palladio (d) Giulio Romano (e) Leon Battista Alberti (a) classical (b) Christian (c) Isabelline (d) Flemish (e) ItaloByzantine (a) classical (b) Christian (c) Isabelline (d) Flemish (e) ItaloByzantine (a) Isabella d'Este (b) Ferdinand and Isabella (c) Battista Sforza (d) Lisa Gherardini (e) Sofonisba Anguissola (a) Vitruvius (b) Brunelleschi (c) Palladio (d) Giulio Romano (e) Leon Battista Alberti  The term used to identify this element of landscape architecture is (a) Giotto (b) Grotto (c) Maderno (d) Tempietto (e) Arezzo  is the organizing principle of this composition, which identifies the work as . (a) disegno (b) Roman (c) Florentine (d) Venetian (e) colore  The title of this work indicates the artist's and the patron's desire to elevate its subject to the realm of classical mythology. Otherwise, viewers might have considered the painting immoral or even pornographic. (a) True (b) False  The term "synoptic narrative" refers to (a) stories from the first four books of the New Testament, also called the "synoptic gospels," because they parallel one another in their telling of the life of Jesus Christ (b) the representation of more than one episode of a story that provides a visual synopsis (c) visual representations intended to trigger intense reactions in the nervous system (d) a and b (e) none of the above  Which of these characteristics applies to the works above? (a) beauty without any overt moral function (b) exaggerated poses (c) enigmatic gestures and expressions (d) unusual colors and juxtapositions (e) all of the above This painting, originally titled  caught the attention of church officials, who called the artist, , before the Inquisition Tribunal. In a demonstration of the high status of the artist in Venetian society in 1573,  refused to accept the tribunal's demand that he alter the appearance of the work, choosing instead to change the title of the painting to . (a) Feast in the House of Levi (a) Tintoretto  (a) Feast in the House of Levi (b) Wedding Feast at Cana (b) Lavinia Fontana (b) Wedding Feast at Cana (c) The Last Supper (c) Parmigianino (c) The Last Supper (d) Supper at Emmaus (d) Jacopo da Pontormo (d) Supper at Emmaus (e) Christ Enthroned with Virgin and Saints (e) Paolo Veronese (e) Christ Enthroned with Virgin and Saints In addition to the preceding questions, be prepared to answer questions on these churches. Leon Battista Alberti Andrea Palladio Church of Sant'Andrea San Giorgio Maggiore (14701472) (15651580) Mantua Venice Also, familiarize yourself with the advantages and disadvantages of fresco, tempera and oil paint. ...
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 04/26/2009 for the course ARTS 150 taught by Professor Caffey during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.
- Spring '08