ARTS 150 29 August 2008c

ARTS 150 29 August 2008c - From Gothic to Renaissance Terms...

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Unformatted text preview: From Gothic to Renaissance: Terms and Conditions “Gothic” – fr om Gr ove Dictionar y of Ar t Online During the 15th century educated I talians…who were attuned to the superior decorum of all things Classical, began to use the adjective ‘Gothic’ to convey their sense of contemporary architecture as rough, rustic or crude, by comparison with that of ancient Rome. The word was overtly pejorative, being derived from the barbarian Goths who sacked Rome in 410 (CE) and again in 455 (CE). I t also came to designate the architecture of the Germans or northern Europe generally, and this purely descriptive use outlasted its role as an epithet of derision. When 16th-century I talians tried to explain the phenomenon of Gothic, they supposed that the pointed arch, the most notable of Gothic solecisms, would come naturally to the minds of men whose original habitat had been the northern forests. “Renaissance” – fr om Gr ove Dictionar y of Ar t Online The Renaissance refers not only to a stylistic period succeeding that of the Gothic but also to the crucial turning-point between the Middle Ages and the modern age. We can talk in general terms of a change from the medieval theocentric (God-centered) image of the world to an anthropocentric (man-centered) concept of the world. This change, the most radical since the end of the antique period, impinged on every area of life. Though neither completely accurate nor universally accepted, for this course we will use the following terms more or less interchangeably Medieval = Gothic = Middle Ages Renaissance = Early Modern Characteristics associated with the Gothic include: an emphasis on the heavenly versus the earthly immateriality versus corporeality focus on the afterlife rather than the lived life diminution of the importance of human agency restrictions on access to knowledge Radical social and cultural changes takes place when existing institutions and concentrations of power cease to function as monolithic, immutable, impenetrable...
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ARTS 150 29 August 2008c - From Gothic to Renaissance Terms...

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