21 nov c - Architecture from Gropius to the Present Organic...

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Architecture from Gropius to the Present Organic Sculpture in the 20 th  Century Regionalism in Painting
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Adolf Loos,  Steiner House  (1910) Vienna …Loos began to develop his  concept of the  Raumplan , the  free disposition of volumes  within a simple building form  to give more complex interior  spaces than are possible with  continuous horizontal floor  divisions. Loos was thus  among the first to attempt  the reconciliation of internal  spatial complexity with  prismatic external forms,  which was one of the major  difficulties facing architects  of the early Modern Movement  and was only fully resolved  with Le Corbusier’s development  of the completely free plan,  postulated as one of his  ‘five points of a new architecture’.
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Vladimir Tatlin Monument to the Third International (1919-1920) Russian Constructivism responded to the need for a new aesthetic to convey the new utopian society that formed the basis of the new Communist order geometric abstract art ‘constructed’ from autonomous visual elements lines planes characterized by such qualities as  precision impersonality a clear formal order simplicity and economy of organization  use of contemporary materials plastic  metal
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Gerrit Thomas Rietveld, Schröder House (1924) Utrecht De Stijl
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Walter Gropius,  Bauhaus  building, view towards entrance to a block (1925-1926) Dessau
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Walter Gropius Shop Block, the Bauhaus (1925-1926) Dessau Marcel Breuer, Tubular Chair (1925) The ultimate aim of all artistic activity is building! … Architects, sculptors, painters, we must all get back to craft! 
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This note was uploaded on 04/26/2009 for the course ARTS 150 taught by Professor Caffey during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.

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21 nov c - Architecture from Gropius to the Present Organic...

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