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Unformatted text preview: PURITANISM- Basic Ideals of Puritanism A. Puritans=Calvinists and vice versa B. Wanted to be completely separated from the Roman Catholic Church= called Separatists C. The priest was replaced by the Bible. (There should be no medium between man and God except for the Bible. The Bible is the ultimate spiritual authority, not man). D. Believe in the devil and that it will destroy all of Gods creations. E. Believed in Blind Faith: when things go wrong, God is not to blame. F. Believed in Predestination: God chooses his own elect and he does not forgive. Good works do not save you. He grants grace at the end of life (you are elected to Heaven). G. Their philosophy focused on interior private self-examination, instead of exterior like confessing. H. Ideology: TULIP T: total depravity- Born in the state of sin. (Original Sin). U: Unconditional Election (see letter F). L: Limited atonement (atonement is only for the elected or Puritans). I: Irresistible grace from God. P: Perseverance of saints. They have everlasting life.- Martin Luther A. Signaled the beginning of a new era, especially in a religious sense. B. 95 Theses- Protest of the Roman Catholics. 1. Denounced frivolous uses of the Popes power and through abuses (indulgences). C. Wanted to end the dominance of the Catholic church and wanted to start the Protestant Church in Europe. Created Christianity.- John Calvin A. Created the Geneva Bible , which taught people how to live their daily lives (how to behave, how to raise kids, etc.) B. Geneva, Switzerland= Holy City which was the center of Protestant theology in Europe.- William Bradford. A. Plymouth Colony governor. B. Beginning of written American literature is when he writes his diary (1620, Of Plymouth Plantation ). C. Came over to America on Mayflower 1. Joined the outlawed separatists (saw them as Gods elect). 2. Left because they felt they were being subdued into Dutch culture and werent far enough away from Catholicism. D. Calls America a Howling Wilderness 1. Because they have to make camp in forest which is symbolic for a fearful place for the Puritans because of the Indians and animals 2. Because its a pagan land- its untouched by Christianity and unworthy in Gods eyes and they have to change it. 3. Nature was hostile and uncertain for them, so they were scared of nature. E. One of the first signers of the Mayflower Compact 1. Which was the first sign of self-government. The pilgrims were allowed to create it because the original charter from England only applied if they landed in Virginia....
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- Spring '08