Communicable Diseases

Communicable Diseases - Communicable Diseases Transmitted...

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Communicable Diseases o Transmitted from person to person o Transmission can occur by Direct transmission Types o HIV/AIDS o TB HIV/AIDS o Non-sexual contraction through blood transfusions, sharing needles, and or the exchange of blood or breast milk from a mother to her unborn or newborn child, unprotected sex o High risk groups IV drug users Individuals receiving a blood transfusion before 1985 Tuberculosis o Affects the lungs o Transmitted by airborne droplets when someone with active TB coughs, talks or sneezes Mononucleosis o Transmitted by saliva exchange o Symptoms Initially, mild symptoms of headache and fatigue Followed by lymph node enlargement and sore throat Hepatitis o "inflammation of the liver" o Causes of Hepatitis Alcohol or drug induced inflammation Virus - most common o o Vaccines available for B
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o Jaundice, reduced appetite, nausea, vomiting, stomach or joint pain, chronic fatigue o Dangerous because scar tissue develops o heal liver thereby leading to cirrhosis and shut down functions Common Cold o Caused by several different viruses o Transmitted directly or indirectly o Symptoms: congestion, sneezing, sore throat, coughing, and a low grade fever
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Communicable Diseases - Communicable Diseases Transmitted...

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