Chapter 4 Notes

Chapter 4 Notes - Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of L...

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Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life Chapter 4 Carbon Main component of life Enters the biosphere through the action of plants o Which use solar energy to transform atmospheric carbon dioxide into molecules of life Carbon is unparalleled in its ability to form molecules that are large, complex, and diverse, and this molecular diversity has made possible to have organisms on earth Proteins, DNA, Carbohydrates, and many other molecules, all composed of carbon bonds Hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus are also required for life Compounds that contain carbon are known to be organic o Organic Chemistry- study of carbon compounds Most organic compounds contain hydrogen atoms in addition to carbon atoms Jons Jakob Berezlius o Made the distinction between organic compounds and those that arise only from living organisms and inorganic compounds o Vitalism- belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physical and chemical laws Provided foundation for new discipline of organic chem. Friedrich Wohler o “Inorganic” salt, ammonium cyanate Instead he made an urea An organic compound present in the urine of animals
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Chapter 4 Notes - Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of L...

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