Chapter 5 - Chapter 5 An Overview of Organic Reactions 5.1 Kinds of Organic Reactions addition two reactants add together to form a single product

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Sheet1 Page 1 Chapter 5: An Overview of Organic Reactions 5.1 Kinds of Organic Reactions addition: two reactants add together to form a single product elimination: a single reactant splits into two products sustitution: two reactants exchange parts to give two new products rearrangement: a single reactant undergoes a reorganization of bonds and atoms to yield an isomeric product 5.2 How Organic Reactions Occur: Mechanisms symmetrical (homolytic) bond breaking gives radicals unsymmetrical (heterolytic) bond breaking is involved in polar reactions 5.3 Radical Reactions Initiation: heat, UV light, or treatment with peroxides is used to break a bond homolytically, yielding two free radicals Propagation: chain reaction from initiation Cl radical reacts with methane tow vie HCl and a methyl radical methyl radical reacts with Cl2 to form a Cl radical and methyl chloride Terminations: two radicals collide to form a stable product Cl radical + Cl radical --> Cl2 CL radical + methyl radical --> ClCH3
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This note was uploaded on 04/26/2009 for the course CHEM 227 taught by Professor Santander during the Fall '08 term at Texas A&M.

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Chapter 5 - Chapter 5 An Overview of Organic Reactions 5.1 Kinds of Organic Reactions addition two reactants add together to form a single product

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