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Unformatted text preview: 11-5-08 Archaeology Notes Where did metal tools come from? Southeastern Europe: High-fired Reduction-fired Neolithic pottery painted with mineral pigments Social changes in Southeastern Europe Varna, Bulgaria 4500 cal bc 280 graves 155 burials (adults and children) 56 "cenotaphs" 70 disturbed States, Urbanism and Rulership in Mesopotamia (After 4000 cal BC) What Characterized a State? Food surplus Large and urban population Stratified society Formal government Labor specialization Record keeping/writing Monumental architecture Later Neolithic shift to cemetery burial Some Archaeological Characteristics of States Palenque, Mexico--Mayan Knossos, Crete--Minoan Institutionalized differences in wealth Institutional Monopoly Over Force As Yang--China Chichen Itza--Mexico/Maya Egypt Uruk Period o o (4000 to 3100 cal bc) Iraq today Early Dynastic Period o 3100 to 2350 cal bc Northern Mesopotamia o o o Akkad Dry land farming Baghdad today Southern Mesopotamia o o Sumer Irrigation farming ...
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- Fall '07