brain - A. Brainstem (medulla oblongata-closest to the...

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A. Brainstem ( medulla oblongata -closest to the spinal cord, and is involved with the regulation of heartbeat, breathing, vasoconstriction (blood pressure), and reflex centers for vomiting, coughing, sneezing, swallowing, and hiccupping; pons and midbrain - part of the unconscious brain; reticular formation -) 1. origin of most of the cranial nerves 2. cardiovascular, respiratory and digestive control centers 3. regulation of muscle reflexes involved with equilibrium and posture 4. reception and integration of all ascending sensory input from spinal cord 5. arousal and activation of cerebral cortex -The outer layer of gray matter in the cerebrum; consists mainly of neuronal cell bodies and dendrites in humans; associated with higher functions, including language and abstract thought.; sleep centers B. Cerebellum- the completely up-to-date-map of what is occurring in your brain 1. maintenance of balance and posture 2. regulation of muscle tone 3. coordination and planning of voluntary muscle activity C. Hypothalamus- composed of neurons and glia 1. Homeostasis 2. link between nervous and endocrine systems 3. pituitary(master gland)-regulated by hypothalamus 4. involved with emotions and basic behaviors D. Thalamus 1. relay station for virtually all ascending inputs entering the cerebrum, all sensory and
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brain - A. Brainstem (medulla oblongata-closest to the...

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