Chapter 5 - Chapter 5 Cells 2: Cellular Organization I....

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Chapter 5 Cells 2: Cellular Organization I. Structural organization of cells A. Prokaryotic vs. Eukarotic cells B. Cell size and shape C. Cell membrane 1. phospholipids and proteins. D. Cell wall E. Nucleus or nucleiod region F. Cytoplasm G. Ribosomes II. The Organelles of Eukaryotic Cells: Endomembrane organelles. A. Nucleus 1. nuclear envelope a. nuclear lamina b. nuclear matrix c. pores 2. chromosomes a. chromatin 3. nucleoli (nucleolus) B. Endoplasmic reticulum 1. rough ER: protein and membrane component synthesis a. membrane and organelle proteins b. secretory proteins c. lysosomal proteins d. membrane phospholipids 2. smooth ER a. phospholipid, oil, and fatty acid synthesis b. cholesterol and steroid synthesis c. detoxification of drugs and poisons by hydroxylation d. ion (especially Ca++) storage.
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C. Golgi apparatus 1. has a cis face (facing in, receiving) and trans face (outward facing, export) 2. modification of proteins and polypetides from ER 3. produce vesicles for: a. transport:
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Chapter 5 - Chapter 5 Cells 2: Cellular Organization I....

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