BIO Evolution - Chapters 37 and 38 Theory of Evolution I...

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Chapters 37 and 38: Theory of Evolution I. Early beliefs, confounding discoveries A. Some important names and ideas. 1. Anaximander (600-500 B.C.): thought the earth was very old; believed life began in the ocean as fishlike creatures 2. Aristotle (384-322 BC): ladder or hierarchy of nature (Scala Naturae), but believed all were created at the same time 3. Linnaeus (1707-1778): devised the binomial system of classification-- Genus species; believed all organisms created by god (phylogeny-related by common ancestor traits) 4. Hutton (1726-1797): Uniformitarianism - geology of the earth was molded by slow and gradual processes; Earth was far older than the 6,000 years the bible suggests according to Usher 5. Smith (1769-1839): among the first to document and study the distribution of fossils scientifically; used fossils to identify strata (index fossils); Earth's surface formed layer by layer over a long time. 6. Paley (1802): an archbishop who popularized the “argument of design” and the concept of adaptation.
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