Abnormal Psychology6

Abnormal Psychology6 - 16:59 Chapter 6 Mood disorders and...

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Unformatted text preview: 16:59 Chapter 6- Mood disorders and suicide What are mood disorders? (affective disorder) • Intense • Persistent • Maladaptive Major depressive disorder- person exhibit more symptoms than are required for dysthymia and that the symptoms are more persistent. Manic- show elevated, euphoric, or expansive mood interrupted by occasional outbursts of intense irritability, or even violence Mania vs. depression Unipolar disorders: only depression Bipolar disorders: both periods of depression and happy All on severity and duration Prevalence • Lifetime unipolar o 13% males o 21% females • Lifetime bipolar<2% Unipolar depression • One of the most common • Anxiety is most often comorbid • 10 times more than your grandparents • earlier onset <27 years • 25% undergraduates symptoms • similar for al countries • more females after puberty why sex differnces- why women have depression more than male • more willing to admit • reinforced for crying and passive • men use alcohol • hormones • depressive gene • learned helplessness • rumination • dieting *opposite attraction is vitality Symptoms • Emotional o Miserable o Empty o Humiliated o No sense of humor o Anger o Anxiety o Crying spells o Loss of love for others • Motivational o No drive o No initiate o Force themselves to do things o Last resort- suicide (15%) attempt • Behavioral o << activity o more time alone o move slowly o no energy o talk slower o less eye contact • Cognitive o Negative views ( and distorted) o Guilty- blame themselves o Inadequate o Helpless o Procrastinate o Can’t concentrate o ambivalence • Physical o Headaches o Dizzy o Pain o Sleep o Eat o Tired types of unipolar depression • atypical- weight gain and appetite is up; hypersomnia- mood reactivity • episodic <2 years)= reactive • recurrent- return of symptoms that come and go (relapse is returns of symptoms after short time, usually occurs after medicine • seasonal affective disorder- regulated by melatonin;must occur for more than 2 years • catatonic- not moving • postpartum-cry • melancholic- lose of interests; bad mood, early awakening-higher genetic loading Dysthymic disorder( >>2 years)- less severe type of depression • Just feeling gloomy; still able to function • moping Double depression (major depression and dysthymia) Family studies- 3xmore amongst blood relatives Twin studies- some genetics • If depressed and had depression chances are 46% that the other twin is also depressed Adoption studies- occurred about 7 x more often than biological relatives of severly depressed adoptees than controlled adoptees Monoamines- neurotransmitters in brain – classification with serotonin Cortisol- adrenal glands; more release...
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2009 for the course PSYCH 01:830:340 taught by Professor Shors during the Spring '09 term at Rutgers.

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Abnormal Psychology6 - 16:59 Chapter 6 Mood disorders and...

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