Abnormal Psychology6 - 16:59 Chapter 6 Mood disorders and...

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16:59 Chapter 6- Mood disorders and suicide What are mood disorders? (affective disorder) Intense Persistent Maladaptive Major depressive disorder- person exhibit more symptoms than are required for dysthymia and  that the symptoms are more persistent. Manic- show elevated, euphoric, or expansive mood interrupted by occasional outbursts of  intense irritability, or even violence Mania vs. depression Unipolar disorders: only depression Bipolar disorders: both periods of depression and happy  All on severity and duration  Prevalence Lifetime unipolar o 13% males o 21% females Lifetime bipolar<2%
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Unipolar depression One of the most common Anxiety is most often comorbid 10 times more than your grandparents earlier onset <27 years 25% undergraduates symptoms  similar for al countries  more females after puberty why sex differnces- why women have depression more than male more willing to admit reinforced for crying and passive men use alcohol hormones depressive gene learned helplessness rumination  dieting *opposite attraction is vitality Symptoms Emotional
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o Miserable o Empty o Humiliated o No sense of humor o Anger o Anxiety o Crying spells o Loss of love for others Motivational o No drive o No initiate o Force themselves to do things o Last resort- suicide (15%) attempt Behavioral o << activity o more time alone o move slowly o no energy o talk slower o less eye contact Cognitive
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o Negative views ( and distorted) o Guilty- blame themselves o Inadequate o Helpless o Procrastinate o Can’t concentrate o ambivalence Physical o Headaches o Dizzy o Pain o Sleep o Eat o Tired types of unipolar depression atypical- weight gain and appetite is up; hypersomnia- mood reactivity episodic <2 years)= reactive recurrent- return of symptoms that come and go (relapse is returns of symptoms after short  time, usually occurs after medicine seasonal affective disorder- regulated by melatonin;must occur for more than 2 years catatonic- not moving
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postpartum-cry melancholic- lose of interests; bad mood, early awakening-higher genetic loading Dysthymic disorder( >>2 years)- less severe type of depression Just feeling gloomy; still able to function moping Double depression (major depression and dysthymia) Family studies- 3xmore amongst blood relatives Twin studies- some genetics If depressed and had depression chances are 46% that the other twin is also depressed Adoption studies- occurred about 7 x more often than biological relatives of severly depressed  adoptees than controlled adoptees Monoamines- neurotransmitters in brain – classification with serotonin
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