chapter 3ab - chapter 3 classifying abnormal psychology...

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chapter 3: classifying abnormal psychology 02:26 Reliability- is the degree to which a measuring device produces the same result  each time it is used to meaure the same thing In the context of classification, it is an index of extent to which different  observers can agree that a person’s behavior fits into the given disgnostic  class. Validity- is the extent to which a measuring instrument actually measures what it  is supposed to measure. In the conetxent of classification, validity is the degree to which diagnosis  accurateyly conveys to something clinically important about the person whose  behavior fits the category, such as helping to predict the course of the  disorder.  Validity accepts reliability  Diagnosis and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) Symptoms- patients subjective description of complainst fo what is wrong.  Signs- objective observations that diagnosicism makes directly or indirectly 5 axis of DSM IV AXIS 1- particuluar clinical syndromes or other conditions that may be a focus  of clinical attention- schiz, generalizsed anxiety disorder, depsression,  substance abuse. AXIS 2- Personailty disorders; provised a means of coding for long standing  maladaptive perosnailty traits that may or may not be involved in the  development and expression of an AXIS 1 disorder.- mental retardation would  be under this AXIS 3- general medical conditions can be used with axis 1 AXIS 4- psychosocial and environmental problems ; deals with stressors that  may have contributed to the current disorder AXIS 5- global assessment of functioning ; indicate how well the individual is  doing based on a 1-100 scale Acute- disorders of relatively short duration usually under 6 months Chronic- long standing and often permanent disorders  Mild, moderate, severe Unstable disorder patterns that come and go is called episodic and recurrent.
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2009 for the course PSYCH 01:830:340 taught by Professor Shors during the Spring '09 term at Rutgers.

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chapter 3ab - chapter 3 classifying abnormal psychology...

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