1-23-09 - 1/23/09 Plato Knowledge is not empirical...

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1/23/09 Plato Knowledge is not empirical (inferred from observed events), but comes from divine insight The physical world is a “shadow” of the “real world” Physical objects are fleeting imitations of an unknowable ideal form Essentialism: the entire universe is a collection of few fixed forms *very few because of ideal types and ideal forms these are discontinuous each from has a perfect, unchanging ideal type this eidos , or its essence Plato: geometric regularity in biological phenomena Essentialism, from Plato: Eidos – innate properties of natural phenomena: each object has its own eidos Aristotle Historia animalium -natural philosophy: natural sciences: empirical study of natural world -search for causes (the whys) by observation and reasoning: theories but no hypotheses Teleology: the search for final, intellectual causes -biological species are the end products of natural processes -Eidos is fixed -scala naturae: immutability of species antiquity Hippocrates (450-37 BCE) Post-Classical world -Ibn Sina (Avicenna, 980-1037)
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2009 for the course ANTHRO 304 taught by Professor Gray during the Spring '09 term at Kansas.

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1-23-09 - 1/23/09 Plato Knowledge is not empirical...

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