1-26-09 - f1/26/09 John Ray (1627-1705) - new system of...

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f1/26/09 John Ray (1627-1705) - new system of classification - historia plantarum - species and genus Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778) – father of taxonomy - Systema Naturae: Biological classification is hierarchical - binomial classification (genus and species) - scala naturae: simple to complex - species are fixed and perfect - Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon (1707-1788) - Natural History, 1749 - Organisms adapt to their environment (organisms don’t change) - Species do not change - Dispute with Thomas Jefferson Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802) – “Grampa” - physician, inventor, naturalist, philosopher… and a poet - Zoonomia – popularized natural history - Where milder skies protect the nascent brood, and earth’s warm bosom yields salubrious food, each new descendant with superior powers… iambic pantameter Georges Cuvier (1769-1832) - catastrophism - extinctions - at least four creations with discrete fixed species - extinct species were replaced in each creation - similarities between extinct and extant forms ARE NOT the
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1-26-09 - f1/26/09 John Ray (1627-1705) - new system of...

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