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2-2-09 - Darwin Replaced static world with one that evolved...

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2/2/09 Darwin Replaced static world with one that evolved Demonstrated implausibility of manifest creation: God’s purpose revealed in nature Refuted teleology: argument from design Principles of common descent applied to animals and humans Nature designed by purely mechanistic process called natural selection Population thinking replaces essentialism o People were not amused! “Darwinism” was considered a threat to social and natural order (by some) Popular Objections to Darwinism wife of the bishop of Worcestor Great Debate: Oxford, 30 June, 1860, Samuel Wilberforce, Bishop of Oxford vs. Professor T.H. Huxley o Wilberforce’s argument: natural selection is a hypothesis for which there is a very little supporting evidence No evidence of one species evolving into another in the (fossil) record: no new species during all of human history Whereas selection pressure may cause effects in a poulation, no evidence that it causes species to change into new species
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