PRIMATE_TAXONOMY - Some (not all) have prehensile tails...

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PRIMATE TAXONOMY Prosimii characteristics (Strepsirhini) More reliance on sense of smell: elongated snout and rhinarium (wet nose) Less color/stereoscopic vision Lack bony cups Claws instead of nails on some digits Mostly nocturnal Most possess tooth comb Anthropoidea characteristics (Haplorhini) Larger bodies Larger brains: more rounded crania Eyes forward: bony cup No rhinarium A. New World Monkeys – Platyrrhini (flat-nosed) Nostrils face to the side: wide septum Forested area of Central and South America Most are arboreal quadrupeds One superfamily ( Ceboidea ), two families o Callitrichidae Insectivorous, gumivorous Usually small (<1 lb.) All have nail-like claws (all have at least one nail on big toe) Monogamous or polyandrous Male paternal care Tamarins and marmosets o Cebidae Larger (> 1 lb.)
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Unformatted text preview: Some (not all) have prehensile tails Only primates with prehensile tails All other New World monkeys (Capuchin, Howler, Spider) B. Old World Monkeys and Apes Catarrhini (hook-nosed) Show greatest variation Terrestrial and arboreal forms Tend to be larger than New World Primates Found Africa, India, SE Asia, and Japan Represent two superfamilies and four families o Cercopithecoidea (Old World Monkeys) One family ( Cercopithecids ) Examples: baboons, macaques, and proboscis monkeys o Hominoidea (Apes and Humans); three families Hylobatidae gibbons and siamangs Pongidae orangutans Hominidae gorillas, chimps, humans, and early ancestors Homininae only humans and their immediate ancestors...
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PRIMATE_TAXONOMY - Some (not all) have prehensile tails...

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