Terms for Primate Variation

Terms for Primate Variation - d. In general, larger...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Terms for Primate Variation 1. Diet a. Carnivorous/Insectivorous b. Frugivorous/ Foliovorous/Gummivorous c. Omnivorous 2. Habitat a. Arboreal b. Terrestrial c. Semi-Terrestrial 3. Activity Patterns a. Nocturnal b. Diurnal c. Cathemeral 4. Locomotion a. Intramembral Index – ((humerus + radius/femur +tibia )X 100)) b. Vertical Clinging and Leaping (VCL) c. Arboreal locomotion involving prehensile tails d. Brachiation e. Generalized quadrupedalism f. Bipedalism g. Knuckle-walking h. Fist-walking 5. Body Size a. Smallest living primates < 4 oz. largest about 400 lb. b. Extinct (fossil) forms show even more variation 6. Sexual Dimorphism a. Differences in morphology (especially body size between males and females b. Males are usually larger than females c. Some New World Monkeys and most prosimians are monomorphic (same size)
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: d. In general, larger primates have more sexual dimorphism 7. Social Structure a. Solitary Orangutans b. Polyandrous (two or more males with one female) Marmosets and Tamarins c. Monogamous (one male with one female) Gibbons d. Polygynous (one or maybe two males with multiple females) e.g. Harems Gorillas e. Multi-male, multi female groups some species of baboons 8. Infant Care a. Most primates have single births b. Females are primary care-givers, males in some species act as protectors c. Only in polyandrous species, males provide more infant care than females...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 04/27/2009 for the course ANTHRO 304 taught by Professor Gray during the Spring '09 term at Kansas.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online