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Unformatted text preview: EUROPEAN UNION COMPARATIVE POLITICS OR INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS? WHY IS IT IMPORTANT?
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Only regional government in the world. Promotes regional peace and democracy. One Economy: No internal barriers to trade and a common external market. 16 of 27 memberstates share a common currency and a central bank. 2530% of legislation in national parliaments are EUrelated. ORIGINS AND HISTORY 1952 Treaty of Paris: ECSC or European Coal and Steel Community (France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg) 1957 Treaty of Rome: The Common Market EEC or European Economic Community 1993 Maastricht Treaty: European Union 2007 Treaty of Lisbon? 6 ENLARGMENTS 1973: Denmark, Ireland and the UK 1981: Greece 1983: Portugal and Spain 1995: Austria, Finland and Sweden 2004: 10 states, mostly in Eastern Europe 2007: Bulgaria and Romania INSTITUTIONS EUROPEAN COMMISSION (BRUSSELS) COUNCIL OF MINISTERS (BRUSSELS) EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT (BRUSSELS AND STRASBOURG) COURT OF JUSTICE (LUXEMBOURG) CENTRAL BANK (FRANKFURT) EUROPEAN COMMISSION
Commission acts as Negotiator, Legislator and Implementer. One Commissioner for each member state. Nominated for a fiveyear term (2009). Commission President: Jose Manuel Barroso (Portugal) COUNCIL OF MINISTERS Sit as ministers from memberstates according to issue area. (Agriculture, Environment, etc) Each memberstate takes a turn as Council President for 6 months (Czech Republic). Sole institutional decisionmaker for foreign affairs/security and justice/immigration. Decisionmaking by unanimity or qualified majority (supermajority with weighted voting) EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT 785 MEPs elected proportionally within the memberstates every five yearsnext election is in June. Organized according to seven party groups rather than according to countries. No government or opposition. Separation of Powers: Increasing Oversight and may reject or censure the Commission. HOW A BILL BECOMES LAW
1. 2. 3. CoDecision Procedure: Legislation requires approval of both Parliament and the Council. Cooperation Procedure: Council adopts final legislation without consent of EU Parliament through unanimity. Consultation Procedure: Parliament is only consulted and may make suggestions. FUTURE CONCERNS
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Additional Enlargement and if so whom? Democratic Deficit and Voter Turnout Energy Security (and Russia) 2track EU? Lessons from the financial crisis: more or less integration? EU AND THE UK 1. 2. 3. Britain's evolving history with the EC/EU
Membership Bids and DeGaulle 1975 Referendum Negotiations under Thatcher, Major and Blair. (Please refer to textbook for more information) Where to now? (OptOuts and "Red Lines" or further integration?) Dropping the Pound requires a referendum EU AND THE UK Cont.. 1. 2. 3. Impact on UK Political Parties: Conservatives"In Europe but not run by Europe" and "Keep the Pound" Labour: "Leadership and Cooperation while maintaining the National Interest" Liberal Democrats: "More Integration with Greater Reform" ...
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