Mgmt3610_PPT02s - Traditional and Contemporary Issues and...

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Traditional and Contemporary Issues and Challenges
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Historical Background of Management Ancient Management Egypt (pyramids) China (Great Wall) Venetians (floating warship assembly lines) Adam Smith Published “The Wealth of Nations” in 1776 Advocated the division of labor (job specialization) to increase the productivity of workers Industrial Revolution Substituted machine power for human labor Created large organizations in need of management
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The Classical Management Perspective Consists of two different viewpoints: ___________ Management Concerned with improving the performance of individual workers (i.e., efficiency). Grew out of the industrial revolution’s labor shortage at the beginning of the twentieth century. ____________ Management A theory that focuses on managing the total organization.
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Scientific Management Fredrick Winslow _________ The “father” of scientific management Published Principles of Scientific Management (1911) The theory of scientific management Using scientific methods to define the “one best way” for a job to be done: Putting the right person on the job with the correct tools and equipment. Having a standardized method of doing the job. Providing an economic incentive to the worker.
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Taylor’s Five Principles of Management 1. Develop a science for each element of an individual’s work,  which will replace the old rule-of-thumb method. 2. Scientifically select and then train, teach, and develop the 
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2009 for the course MGMT 3610 taught by Professor Thomas during the Spring '09 term at Middle Tennessee State University.

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Mgmt3610_PPT02s - Traditional and Contemporary Issues and...

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