Lecture 5-1

Lecture 5-1 - It's what's on the inside that counts!...

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Unformatted text preview: It's what's on the inside that counts! Linings and Membranes Peritoneum Parietal Retroperitoneal Visceral Intraperitoneal Peritoneal cavity Linings and Membranes Mesentery Linings and Membranes Greater Omentum Lesser Omentum Alimentary Canal Functions: Ingestion Digestion Absorption Compaction Defecation Esophagus Skeletal mm in upper 1/3 Skeletal and smooth mm in lower 2/3 Peristalsis Deglutition Stomach Food storage, mechanical and chemical digestion Curvatures Cardiac sphincter Fundus Body Pylorus Pyloric sphincter Gastric Rugae for expansion Small Intestine Chemical digestion and nutrient absorption Large SA Duodenum (10 cm) Jejunum (2.5m) Ileum (3.6m) Ileocecal valve Large Intestine Water reabsorption, compaction, defecation Cecum Appendix Colon Ascending Transverse Descending Sigmoid Rectum (Table 24.2, Pg. 705) Liver Produces & Secretes bile for digestion Stabilizes blood sugar levels Filtration & Detoxification Liver 4 lobes Right Left Caudate Quadrate Gallbladder Bile storage and concentration Gallstones Pancreas Endocrine gland: Insulin and glucagon (hormones) Exocrine gland: Digestive enzymes Biliary Tree Arteries Celiac Trunk Superior Mesenteric Inferior Mesenteric Celiac Trunk Celiac Trunk Superior Mesenteric Inferior Mesenteric Hepatic Portal System ...
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