Ch. 7-Emotions

Ch. 7-Emotions - Topic I: Overview of emotions Why we...

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Topic I: Overview of emotions Why we experience emotions Cognitive explanations: attracted to opposite sex, fear of snakes Physiological explanations: bipolar individuals, on one hand they are incred- ibly happy and then they go into a deep depression. Role of nervous system The Brain The amygdala: relates to hostility, Extreme cases when rage is out of control, amgydalectomy where they take out part of the amygdala to pla- cate the person Prefrontal cortex: thin layer of nuerons that covers the front part of the brain, it is a control mechanism for emotions not a producer of emotions. Control mechanism for mania and depression the control can swing up and down out of control. Phinneus Gage: landscaping company in VT and exploded rocks with dy- namite and it would blow up. One day, the dynamite blew up and forced the rod out of the hole and went through his left eye and out of his head. He survived the trauma. However, Gage was no longer Gage because the rod separated the prefrontal cortex from the brain he lost emotional con- trol. He was volatile and be angry and swore like a sailor. Sympathetic Branch: emotions get out of control. So to control emotions we do a lie detection test also known as a polygraph. Notion is if you ask a per- son a question whether or not they killed someone, their heart rate goes up etc. and the polygraph measures those responses of anxiety. unfortunately, the polygraph simply doesn’t work. Because just asking the question of did you murder someone causes you to become anxious and the arousal goes up. There is no evidence that they measure lies. Polygraph reports are dis- missed in courts. It is only by chance that the results are true, but they are not reliable. THEY DO NOT WORK. There is no liscenceship for people who are polygraphists. There is a procedure called the guilty knowledge test, so you ask the person questions that no one else would know. So these people get anxious when they are asked questions that get close to the actual res- ult. So when they are consistently getting anxious about certain character- istics of the crime, you can GUESS how the event occurred. However, this has not been proven to be true. It’s not effective. So if people are told that they are getting kicked out KU and will be sent to automechanic school if
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they do not pass the test. Some guy has the answers to the test and 1/3 of them cheat. So after the test, the proctor says, “oh by the way, we heard people cheated and I will have to report you to the dean and that will result in expulsion.” Socioculture factors in emotions emotions across cultures: If you are observing a non-industrial culture and you do not speak their language, can you tell what they are feeling by their facial expressions? Yes, facial expressions of emotion are the same across all cultures. If you take a person who is born blind and born deaf and you elicit emotions in that person, the person has never seen or
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Ch. 7-Emotions - Topic I: Overview of emotions Why we...

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