APUSH Unit 9 Outline.docx - Loraine Ho 1 1 Imperialist...

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Loraine Ho - 11.Imperialist Stirringsa.Beyond shores (agricultural/industrial production)b.Power from growth in population, wealth, productionc.“Yellow press”; foreign exploits manly adventuresd.Reverend Josiah Strong looked for new convertse.American Darwinism: Earth belonged to the strongf.Europeans imperializing (Africa, China)g.Mahan: Influence of Sea Power Upon History; boost naval raceh.Blaine’s “Big Sister” policy; rally Latin nations with U.S.; opennew markets; Pan-American Conferencei.Germany 1889: fought over Samoan Islands in S. Pacificj.Italy: lynching Italians 1891; close to war; U.S. compensationk.Chile: death of American sailors 1892; Chile paid indemnity
2.Monroe’s Doctrine and the Venezuelan Squalla.American anti-British feeling in 1895 over Venezuela; British Guiana and Venezuela boundary disputed (gold found)b.Sec of State Olney: Brits mocking Monroe Doc; Cleveland wanted war; Britain: no war, merchant marine weak; Europeanatmosphere: “splendid isolation”; Boers in S. Africa captured British—anger towards Germany; prestige of MD enhancedc.British wanted to cultivate friendship; Great Rapprochement: Anglo-American cordiality, cornerstone of foreign policies3.Spurning the Hawaiian Peara.Reciprocity Treaty 1875 (free trade); naval-base rights (1887); Sugar cultivation barriers from McKinley Tariff; whites wanted to annex Hawaii ; Queen Liliuokalani insisted natives control islands; white revolt in 1893 with U.S. troops; Cleveland withdrew threat from Senate in 1893, Hawaiians didn’t want annexation, left alone for 5 years after Cleveland4.Cubans Rise in Revolta.Cuba rose up in 1895; Sugar production hurt by Tariff of 1894; Spanish misrule menaced shipping routes of West Indies;1896, Gen. Weyler herded civilians into reconcentration camps; public wanted action, Cleveland didn’t budge5.The Mystery of the Maine Explosiona.“Yellow journalism” worsened crisis; Weyler removed in 1897; 1898, Mainesent to protect Americans; Hearst publishedletter by Spanish minister, Dupuy de Lome, dragging McKinley; Maine blew up in Havana; Americans: ready for war6.McKinley Unleashes the Dogs of Wara.Spain agreed to U.S. demands: no reconcentration camps, armistice with Cuban rebels, McKinley didn’t want hostilitiesb.McKinley’s desires opposite public; believed people should rule; didn’t want to break up GOP and give Democrats powerc.April 11, 1898, McKinley sent war message to Congress; Teller Amendment: when U.S. beat Spain, Cubans would be free7.Dewey’s May Day Victory at Manilaa.Spanish navy weak; U.S. navy: SecNav Long, T. Roosevelt; CDRE Dewey to Manila on May 1, 1898; destroyed Spanish fleet8.Unexpected Imperialistic Plumsa.Dewey waited on reinforcements; foreign ships gathered to safeguard nationals in Manila; American troops captured Manila on August 13, 1898; worked with Filipino insurgents (Emilio Aguinaldo); events in Philippines focused attention on Hawaii—annexation rushed through Congress, McKinley approved on July 7, 1898 (U.S. citizenship, territorial status)9.The Confused Invasion of Cubaa.

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