glucosestudyguide.docx - Gluconeogenesis-Synthesis of...

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Gluconeogenesis-Synthesis of glucose from noncarbohydrate precursors like lactic acid, glycerol, and amino acids. This occurs in the liver. Glycogenesis-formation of glycogen stored in the liver. Glycogenolysis-breakdown of glycogen into glucose. Glycolysis-breakdown of glucose into pyruvate by cells for the production of ATP Type II diabetes-due to insulin resistance and can be treated with diet and exercise. Type I diabetes- due to autoimmune destruction of beta cells and is treated with insulin. Pancreatic beta cells release insulin while pancreatic alpha cells release glucagon. When we eat food, carbohydrates are digested and broken down into glucose. This increases our blood glucose level. So the pancreas releases the hormone insulin, which allows the glucose to move from the blood into cells where the glucose is converted into ATP in the mitochondria (respiration), or converted
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