Review Ch 10

Review Ch 10 - 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Review Sheet...

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Review Sheet Chapter 10, Biology 340, Spring, 2008 1. What does the term genome refer to? How does the form of the genome differ between prokaryotes and eukaryotes? The genome of eukaryotes also includes mitochondrial and, in some groups such as land plants, plastid (chloroplast) genomes. What type of chromosome do mitochondria have? Why? 2. Bacterial chromosomes: Where are they located? What is the approximate range in number of base pairs of the length of a bacterial chromosome and about how many genes does it have? Review the key features of a bacterial chromosome as described in Figure 10.4. 3. Compaction of bacterial chromosomes: What are loop domains? DNA supercoiling – what is it, what are the two types, and which enzymes affect the type and amount of supercoiling? What are two reasons that much bacterial DNA is negatively supercoiled? Review also problems C8 and E5. 4. Eukaryotic chromosomes: Review the basic organization of a eukaryotic chromosome as seen in Figure 10.11 including the following terms: centromere, kinetochore, and telomere. What is chromatin? What are exons and introns? How does the occurrence of
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Review Ch 10 - 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Review Sheet...

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