Module 6 Notes

Module 6 Notes - Module 6 Notes 2009 February 2 Diet the foods and beverages you consume Nut r ient any substance in food which can be used for

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Module 6 Notes February 2, 2009 Diet – the foods and beverages you consume. Nutrient – any substance in food which can be used for energy, building tissue or regulating functions. Essential – refers to a substance your body requires but does not produce therefore you must obtain these nutrients from your diet; low intake of essential nutrients increases risk of developing a deficiency which results in changes in your health. Macronutrients – include the nutrients required in relatively large quantities. Micronutrients – are required in small amounts such as vitamins and minerals. Dietary Guidelines for Americans Science-based advice for those above the age of 2. Published every 5 years. Goal is to promote health and prevent major chronic disease. Top causes of death and disease are related to poor diet, physical inactivity and energy imbalance. Emphasizes a balanced approach with a variety of whole grains, fruits, vegetables, lean protein sources and healthy fats. Limit intake of saturated and trans fat, cholesterol, salt, sugar and alcohol. Balance calories from food and beverages with calories expended. Take home message: be more active, make better food choices and eat fewer calories. Under DASH guidelines, women should limit their alcohol intake to one drink per day and up to two drinks for men (12oz of regular beer, 5 ounces of wine or 1.5 ounces of 80-proof liquior). Lactose intolerance – inability to breakdown milk sugar. 3% of US population meets four of the five recommendations (fruit, vegetables, grains, milk products, meant and bean food groups). Leading sources of calories: 1) sugared beverages; 2) cake and sweet rolls; 3) hamburgers; 4) pizza; 5) potato and corn chips (all are high in added sugars, fat, salt and calories).
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6 Classes of Nutrients 1. Carbohydrates 2. Lipids (fats and oils) 3. Proteins 4. Vitamins 5. Minerals 6. Water Macronutrients include carbohydrates, proteins and fats. They provide energy (calories). Carbohydrates and protein provide 4 calories per gram and fat provides 9 calories per gram.
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2009 for the course LFIT 105 taught by Professor Humphries during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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Module 6 Notes - Module 6 Notes 2009 February 2 Diet the foods and beverages you consume Nut r ient any substance in food which can be used for

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