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Unformatted text preview: ART 152: History of Western Art Leonardo da Vinci (influence of Mona Lisa) Dan Brown (symbology not real academic profession) Class will de-mystify classical renaissance art Goal is to understand world of art (patronage, production/creation, galleries and collections) Louvre started as kings collection of art and became public (explain transformation) Discuss rules that exist now, academies, schools, teaching how to create art 20 th century philosophy 14 th Century Europe Great schism secular and religious split between rulers Great new spirit Renaissance (Dante, Petrarch, Picacio)- rinascimento Humanism new orientation in society human beings and nature instead of God Nobility, aristocracy began to study artifacts, runes; artists sought out individual fame, name recognition Individual piety, humanism, person-centered religion Poverty, charity, love, preaching to individual soul Florence grew during Middle Ages more art patronage More social and economic freedom for artists Rise of the guilds trade organizations that represented artists Artisan groups silk, art, doctors, smiths Guilds were composed of rich merchants Apprenticeship system paid fee to enter craft Started in art by grinding paint for master, then work up to painting background, and eventually would create a masterpiece in order to become a master Artists were part of the pharmacist guild due to their grinding of paints and also in part to their patron saint, Luke, who was a physician and was supposed to have painted the 1 st Virgin Mary Guilds participated in churches and village festivals Masterpieces: Santa Maria del Fiore Cathedral (Duomo) Florence 1294 (plan by Cambio), 1334-1350 (campanile by Giotto, Pisano, and Talenti), 1420-1436 (drum and dome by Brunelleschi) Cimabue, Virgin and Child Enthroned, c. 1280 (tempera and gold on wood panel) Byzantine (maniera Greca Greek manner) - Dramatic emotions, thin figures, gold leaf, iconic gestures, contrast of light and shadow- Art came through Eastern port cities (Venice)- Cennino Cennini (Book of Art) 14 th Century Art: France, England and the Holy Roman Empire Hundred years war between England and France France countryside was ravaged, civil strife Rise of middle class: newly wealthy group of patrons, commissioned religious art for home and churches, related to cult of Virgin Mary Architecture hit harder during wartime, materials get used for art of warfare French technique is natural, oak leaves, trees, acorns, fluid movements They learned about classical past, Christine de Pizane, wrote after she was widowed Close with Queen Isabeau, friends with Joan of Arc, also Wrote Book of the City of Ladies, in which she argued for womens rights She offered this to Isabeau, her patron, who had more power in ruling France than her husband Jean Pucelle, Book of Hours of Jeanne dEvreux, Betrayal and Arrest of Christ and Annunciation, 1325-1328, Paris, France Could wear or carry around in pockets, these books, which were considered most prized...
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