User Course NURS-6521N-37,Advanced Pharmacology.2018 Spring Qtr 02/26-05/20-PT27 Test Week 2 - Quiz Started Submitted Due Date Status Completed Attempt Score 25 out of 25 points Time Elapsed 26 minutes out of 1 hour Instructions Please answer each question below and click Submit when you have completed the Quiz. Results Displayed Feedback Question 1 1 out of 1 points A nurse is a member of a research team that is exploring unique differences in responses to drugs that each individual possesses, based on genetic make-up. This area of study is called Response Feedback : Pharmacogenomics is the area of study that explores the unique individual patient responses to drugs based on the mapping of the human genome. This mapping introduces the possibility of personally designed medical care and drug regimens based on a person's unique genetic make-up. Pharmacotherapeutics is the branch of pharmacology that deals with uses of drugs to treat, prevent, and diagnose disease. Pharmacodynamics involves how a drug affects the body, and pharmacoeconomics includes any costs involved in drug therapy. Question 2 1 out of 1 points Which of the following patients should be advised by the nurse to avoid over-the- counter cold and allergy preparations that contain phenylephrine? Response Feedback: Phenylephrine is an alpha-1 adrenergic agonist and a drug commonly used topically for relief of nasal and nasopharyngeal mucosal congestion and to produce mydriasis for ophthalmologic procedures. Phenylephrine acts as a vasopressor causing
vasoconstriction of the arterioles. The vasoconstriction from phenylephrine use can increase peripheral resistance and blood pressure. People with hypertension should not take over-the-counter cold and allergy preparations containing phenylephrine because it can further increase their already elevated blood pressure. Patients with diabetes and gout have not been identified as being at risk for adverse reactions from the use of phenylephrine. A patient with an upper respiratory infection may actually benefit from use of the drug. Question 3 1 out of 1 points A nurse who provides care in a long-term care facility is documenting a new resident's medication regimen on the resident's intake admission. The nurse is documenting the generic, rather than proprietary, names of the resident's current drugs because Response Feedback: The use of generic instead of proprietary (trade) names mitigates some of the potential for confusion that exists due to similar trade names between different drugs. Trade names do not vary from state to state and use of these names in documentation is not legally restricted. There are not typically differences in the use of drugs that are based solely on generic or proprietary name.
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