wk 4 disc........docx - Review Chapter 26 and Chapter 27 of the Arcangelo and Peterson text Select and research one of the following respiratory

wk 4 disc........docx - Review Chapter 26 and Chapter 27 of...

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Review Chapter 26 and Chapter 27 of the Arcangelo and Peterson text. Select and research one of the following respiratory disorders: the common cold, pneumonia, or a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) such as emphysema or chronic bronchitis. Consider types of drugs that would be prescribed to patients to treat symptoms associated with this disorder. Select one of the following factors: genetics, gender, ethnicity, age, or behavior. Reflect on how this factor might impact effects of prescribed drugs, as well as any measures you might take to help reduce negative side effects. NURS 6521N-30: Advanced Pharmacology WEEK 4 INITIAL POST Pharmacotherapy for Respiratory Disorders Upper respiratory tract infections (URI), including the common cold, are some of the most common problems seen in primary care (Arcangelo and Peterson, 2013). A simple cough can lead to a patient diagnosis of a common cold, pneumonia, or even a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It is important to be able to distinguish minor differences between common respiratory symptoms as mild symptoms may require intervention involving drug treatment. Advanced practice nurses must consider how individual patient factors might impact the effects of prescribed drugs (Arcangelo and Peterson, 2013). The following discussion will describe the common cold, including the types of drugs that would be prescribed to patients with associated symptoms, and explain how age might impact effects of prescribed drugs. The Common Cold The common cold, also known as acute infectious rhinitis, is a viral upper respiratory infection. It is one of the most common viral infections and is also short lived (Arcangelo and
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Peterson, 2013). There are many factors that contribute to the predisposition of the common cold such as; frequency of exposure to viral agents, the age of the person, and the inability to resist the invading organisms (Arcangelo and Peterson, 2013). Signs and symptoms of the common cold can vary from person to person, but may include runny or stuffy nose, sore throat, cough, congestion, body aches, headaches, sneezing, low-grade fever, and malaise (Mayo Clinic, 2016). There are more than 200 viruses that can cause the common cold, leading to a great variation of symptoms (KinyonMunch, 2011). The transmission includes airborne droplets, airborne by large particles and direct contact (Arcangelo and Peterson, 2013). The symptoms develop due to an inflammatory response to viral antigens (Arcangelo and Peterson, 2013). Chemical mediators are released affecting the vascular tissues in the nasal epithelium, causing engorgement and increased vascular permeability, which leads to sneezing, nasal congestion, and rhinitis (KinyonMunch, 2011). Postnasal drip leads to
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  • Summer '15
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Common cold, Arcangelo, Upper respiratory tract infection

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