Review Chapter 26 and Chapter 27 of the Arcangelo and Peterson text. Select and research one of the following respiratory disorders: the common cold, pneumonia, or a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) such as emphysema or chronic bronchitis. Consider types of drugs that would be prescribed to patients to treat symptoms associated with this disorder. Select one of the following factors: genetics, gender, ethnicity, age, or behavior. Reflect on how this factor might impact effects of prescribed drugs, as well as any measures you might take to help reduce negative side effects. WEEK 4 INITIAL POST Pharmacotherapy for Respiratory Disorders Arcangelo & Peterson (2013), the most common problems seen in primary care clinics are upper respiratory tract infections (URI) such as the common cold. One of the most common symptoms of a common cold is a cough which can develop into pneumonia or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Medication treatment may be required no matter how minor the symptoms so distinguishing the difference between common symptoms is imperative. Arcangelo & Peterson (2013), discussed how prescribed medications may be impacted by individual factors that the nurse practitioners must consider. In this discussion the most effective medications, associated symptoms, and how age may impact the treatment of the common cold. The Common Cold Arcangelo & Peterson (2013), describe the common cold which is a viral upper respiratory infection better known as acute infectious rhinitis. This is one of the most prevalent viral infection that has a variety of factors that contribute to how susceptible individuals can be such as, the ability to resist invading organisms, the age of the individual, and how much exposure to viral organisms (Arcangelo and Peterson, 2013). The Mayo Clinic (2016), explain how the common cold signs and symptoms may vary depending on the individual, nonetheless
upper nasal sinus congestion, sneezing, coughing, sore throat, headaches, low-grade fever and malaise are the most common. In KinyonMunch’s (2011), article about the common cold, he explains how more than 200 viruses are responsible for the common cold, which lead to the broad range of symptoms. Human rhinovirus (HRV), is the pathogen most commonly associated with two thirds of common cold (Jacobs et al., 2013). According to Arcangelo & Peterson (2013), the transmission of the virus is by direct contact and airborne droplets of large particles. Inflammatory reaction from the immune system due to the invading viral antigens is the cause of the symptoms (Arcangelo & Peterson, 2013).
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- Summer '15
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Common cold, Arcangelo, Upper respiratory tract infection