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Running head: DIABETES TYPES AND TREATMENTSDiabetes Types and Treatments Michael FitzgeraldWalden University6521N, Spring, 2018 Qtr.Jonas F. Nguh
DIABETES TYPES AND TREATMENTSDiabetes Types and Treatments Diabetes mellitus (DM) leads to hyperglycemia due to varying degrees of insulin resistance and impaired ability to secrete insulin. According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA, 2017), the different types of DM are type one, two, gestational and juvenile diabetes. The Center for Disease Control (CDC, 2017), estimated that 30.3 million people across the lifespan of 9.4% of the United States Population have DM in 2015. Type two DM effects 90 – 95% and type one is responsible for 5 – 10% of all cases. The purpose of this paper is to describe the impact of type two DM on people, the different types of DM, and explain one common drug used to treat type two DM. Type One, Two, & Gestational Diabetes MellitusHuether and McCance (2017), explained that in type one DM occurs due to autoimmune pancreatic beta cell destruction in genetically susceptible individuals that may be triggered by environmental exposure. Brutsaert (2017), states that due to progressive autoimmune degeneration over the years the islets of Langerhans insulin-secreting bets-cells ability to adequately control plasma glucose levels diminish. Huether and McCance (2017), recommend treating with supplemental insulin to balance plasma glucose levels. Huether & McCance (2017), found that people have developed resistance to insulin due to oversaturation of insulin and inadequate insulin secretion. Brutsaert (2017), discusses how the combination of hepatic insulin resistance is inadequately suppressing hepatic glucose production and impaired peripheral glucose uptake from peripheral insulin resistance results in hyperglycemia. Huether and McCance (2017), explain how in the early part of the disease insulinlevels are very high, then when the disease progresses the production of insulin will decrease to the point of exacerbating hyperglycemia. 2
DIABETES TYPES AND TREATMENTSAccording to Calabria (2017), the most common type in children is type one DM, which is responsible for two-thirds of all new cases. Historically rare in children type two DM has been increasing along with childhood obesity and now is responsible for one-third of cases in children (Laureate Education, 2012).