LO-16Br+AG+State-Local+Govt

LO-16Br+AG+State-Local+Govt - State & Local Politics...

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LO-16 Structure of federalism at the state level Dual Federalism : the federal system under which the national and state governments are responsible for separate policy areas o First 150 years Natl Govt responsible for Foreign Affairs States for Domestic Cooperative federalism : the federal system under which the sate and local government share responsibilities for most domestic areas o Since “New Deal” – 1930s Natl Govt. involved in economy, civil rights, transportation, poverty, environment, etc. o Federal incentives for state action Categorical grant: federal fund provided for a specific purpose; restricted by detailed instructions, regulations, and compliance standards (e.g. Fed Highway Funds, Head Start, urban forestry assistance, asbestos school hazards abatement) Block grant: federal fund provided for a broad purpose; unrestricted by detailed requirements and regulations (e.g. alcohol & drug abuse grants, mental health services grants, etc.) Unfunded mandate: a federal order that the states operate and pay for a program created at the national level o Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (1996) Required Fed Govt to consider financial impact on state & local Govts or private sector Often ignored o State and Local Govts complain about costs of Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, Homeland Security Act, Individuals with Disabilities Act, No Child Left Behind Act, etc.
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However, responses vary from state to state based on the political culture of citizenry The context of state politics: state political culture Moralistic political culture : a political culture that expects government to promote the public interest and the common good, sees government as positive, and encourage citizen participation Individualistic political culture : a political culture that distrusts government, expects corruption, downplays citizen participation, and stresses individual economic prosperity Traditionalistic political culture : a political culture that expects government
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LO-16Br+AG+State-Local+Govt - State & Local Politics...

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