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Unformatted text preview: LO-03CONSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORKHOW DO CONSTITUTIONS DIFFER?•Amer Const: oldest written national constitutionoOnly 4 nations have constitutions written before 1900•Norway, Argentina, Luxembourg, & ColumbiaoOnly 15 current national constitutions existed before WW I•Since 1970 nearly 100 nations have adopted new constitutions•5 nations(UK, New Zealand, Israel, Saudi Arabia, & Oman) do not have written constitutions.MANY NATIONS MODEL THEIR CONSTITUTIONS AFTER THE US•But reflect the pol culture & history of the people•E.g. Japan/Germany were influenced by US during post-WW II•Some Const may possess internal contradictions•Some emulate, in part, concept of “separation of powers” like USHOW DO AUTHORITARIAN CONSTITUTIONS DIFFER?•If ideology predominates•Authoritarian constitutions may define spiritual rather than materials goals•Some authoritarian countries have democratic sounding Constitutions, but ignore them•Sometimes authoritarian govts acknowledge Const rights, but when threatened suspend them under guise of Martial LawHOW DO TOTALITARIAN CONSTITUTIONS DIFFER?•Usually inspired by ideology(like USSR)•Frequently provide both pol & econguarantees•May promise a great deal to citizens•E.g. right to work, increased income•Also may permit state to be involved in citizens’ lives more than in Demo countries•E.g. USSR – Charged to develop sports, spiritual develop of young, moral & ethical ed, etc....
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- Spring '08
- natl govt, effective Natl Govt, AUTHORITARIAN CONSTITUTIONS DIFFER, current national constitutions