ilrob hw5 - intrinsic rather than extrinsic factors and...

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Jim P Liu ILROB 1220 In this chapter of Mark Twain’s Adventures of Tom Sawyer, there are several different examples of individuals inducing others to make intended behavioral choices, and these examples can be explained by looking at motivation and power theories. When Tom initially tries to entice Jim to switch jobs with him, Jim repeatedly refuses. He states that if he helps Tom, then Aunt Polly would be very upset with him and would “take an’ tar de head off’n me” in his own words. Thus his action not to switch jobs and continue with his own task is motivated by the fear of punishment. This motivation is considered extrinsic, motivated by external factors such as punishments or rewards; Jim does his job because he has been ordered to. One is more likely to be motivated by
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Unformatted text preview: intrinsic rather than extrinsic factors, and this is why when Tom continues to entice him, Jim finally gives in. If Jim was somehow motivated intrinsically, in which he truly valued his job, he would have been less likely to give in. Tom’s character employs different strategies to manage others’ behavioral choices to help his paint the fence. He first tries to motivate Jim extrinsically by offering an award to take on his job. However, his plan gets spoiled by Aunt Polly. Tom’s next strategy was to entice the neighborhood boys by presenting the task of whitewashing as something unique and satisfying. He further justifies whitewashing by saying that only a select few can do the job right. Instead of offering an award, he challenges the boys to see if they can...
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