PSY_200_Test_2_Guide_2

PSY_200_Test_2_Guide_2 - o Organizing Information in LTM...

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o Organizing Information in LTM Schema: A cognitive framework or concept that helps organize and interpret information. General themes that we retain of experience. For example, if you wanted to remember a new fairy tale, you would try to integrate information from the new tale into your general schema for what a fairy tale is. Schemas affect eyewitness testimony because people will sometimes remove or omit details of an experience from memory if they do not fit well with the schema. Similarly, people may confidently remember details that did not actually occur because they are consistent with the schema. o Retrieval Tip of the Tongue Phenomenon: The inability to pull a word from memory despite belief that the word is there. Retrieval Cues: any stimulus that helps us recall information in long-term memory. For example, returning to where you once lived or went to school may bring back memories of events experienced long ago. Sights, sounds, and smells can all trigger recall of long dormant events.
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