Ying (Alan) Sun EACS 4B Lily Wong (Friday 9:00 to 10:00am) 4/24/08 Comparison of Chinese and Japanese Culture Through Literature As the Japanese society began to transform itself into a modern nation state in the 1920s, so too did the Chinese, who experienced a political and cultural movement known as the May 4 th Movement. For both sides, the call for change was not without difficulties and confusion. Also characteristic of both sides was the increasing influence of literature. As youthful scholars voiced their opinions through literature, their intention was to promote the concept of individual freedom, science, democracy and emancipation of women. These empowering words echoed in the hearts of the common people and catalyzed the metamorphosis within Japan and China. Examples of Japanese and Chinese literature during the 1920s are “A Fool's Life” by Akutagawa Ryunosuke and “Call to Arms” by Lu Xun (also known as Lu Hsun). In the manuscript of “A Fool's Life” the author apparently recounts the stages of his life in the 3
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